“In the late 1800 and early 1900's, infectious diseases were the most serious threat to health and well being.” Until the late 1900’s the leading cause of death was communicable diseases. As doctors gain more knowledge about medicine the death rate of those disease has substantially decreased. The three main illnesses of the 1800’s-1900’s were scarlet fever, tuberculosis, and chicken pox, yet a positive outcome from these horrendous sicknesses were antibiotics, remedies, and vaccines. Scarlet Fever was one of the many illnesses in the 1800’s. Although outbreaks are less common now as in the past, Scarlet Fever is one of the deadliest diseases.
Gram-negative bacteria contain a layer of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) When the bacteria enters the body, the LPS triggers the body’s immune response. The body recognises a cytokine reaction from the bacteria which is toxic to the body and responds by inflaming the tissues and blood vessels. The certain cells used against the bacteria Bordetella Pertussis include innate and specific defenses, but the defensive antigens have not been exclusively identified. Explain how the disease can be treated. Pertussis is generally treated with antibiotics and it is vital to use the antibiotics early on in the infection or it will have little to no effect.
Once medicine has been used to fight diseases and illnesses the bacteria that is left behind goes through the process of Darwinism. The bacteria then begins to build a resistance against the medicine once prescribed to defeat it. This leads to drug-resistant infections. Personalized medicine is made to fight incidents like these. Once doctors and scientist have uncovered an understanding to how drug resistance occurs, evolves, and spreads.
This bacteria, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, can have a big effect to those who have cancer, since they have a low immune system. Like any other bacteria, this infection does not only have specific symptoms, but multiple regarding the place it comes in contact with. When it is in contact with a wound green, covered pus can be noticeable. This can have a severely impact to the person causing pneumonia. Overall, researchers have found similar effects to other places it comes in contact with, some being fever, nausea, and fatigue.
ABSTRACT Wound is a breach in the skin and the exposure of subcutaneous tissue following loss of skin integrity. Post-operative wound infections are major global problem in the field of surgery leading to many complications, increased morbidity and mortality. A total 75 pus samples were collected from post-operative wound infections of which 63/75 (84%) bacterial isolates were obtained. Among the isolates, 29/63 (46%) were Gram positive and 34/63 (54%) were Gram negative organisms. The percentage prevalence of the bacterial isolates was as follows- Staphylococcus aureus 18/63 (29%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa 14/63 (22%), Coagulase negative staphylococci (CoNS) 11/63 (17%), Klebsiella pneumoniae 8/63 (13%), Proteus vulgaris 7/63 (11%) and
Sythetically made drugs in the lab: By extracting the active site ingredient from a plant, replicating it’s structure in the lab and mass producing it, more and more drugs can be developed and produced at a faster pace. The active ingredient in a drug is the main ingredient that is used in medication to kill pain. Pharmaceutical proteins are fast growing drugs for the treatment of disease. New and growing technologies are making proteins easier to produce. Drugs produced in labs can have dosage forms changed quickly i.e.
Therefore, in order to determine the next steps in implementing this therapy in the developed world, its costs and returns must be carefully evaluated. Through the critical evaluation of this therapy in terms of its future projections, in context of its scientific, ethical, and economic implications, it is our proposition to further fund this line of biomedical research, as well as to reallocate funds from other lines of research to this treatment. It is also proposed that corporations in support of different interests invest into this therapy, in order to ensure its ethical research and development. This would accelerate the widespread implementation of telomerase gene therapy, and ultimately provide a stepping stone towards a healthy and economically-prosperous
In addition, individuals with diabetes are at an increased risk of developing conjunctival bacterial infections. Tear Film Tear film abnormalities are frequent in persons with diabetes, leading to an increased incidence of dry eye. The presence of an abnormal tear film may contribute to discomfort and to an increased risk of ocular surface epithelial defects. Longstanding diabetes may also damage the mircrovascular supply to the lacrimal gland, impairing lacrimation. Cornea Corneal wound healing The cornea of a person with diabetes is more susceptible to injury and slow healing after injury than the cornea of a person without diabetes.
If the Impetigo is left untreated it has the potential to worsen and develop into: ecthyma, black scabs around ulcers; glomerulonephritis, a kidney disease; osteomyelitis, a bone infection;sepsis, a systemic infection; scarlet fever; streptococcal disease or pneumonia (Carson De-Witt, Scholten). The long list of complications is part of the reason antibiotics are often used to treat the bacterial infection known as Impetigo instead of letting it clear up on its
After being injected, the immune system will now fight against the microbe by forming antibodies. Antibodies counteract with the vaccine and fight off the viruses. Regularly the immune system produces antibodies to fight off viruses, which are cells the immune system produces. 2. The immune system can later in the future recognize the same disease if it comes back and will automatically form antibodies.