School and teachers can influence the extent and quality of learning for all students. Teacher’s beliefs, practices and attitudes are important for understanding and improving educational processes. They are closely linked to teachers’ strategies for coping with challenges in their daily professional life. Educators have control over numerous factors that influence motivation, achievement and behaviour of students. They are turning around their approach into a focus on creating positive school climate and responsive classroom as part of holistic quality education based on child rights where there is effective teaching and classroom management, thus enhancing students’ learning experiences.
Established learning: teacher and student roles in the learning process should be established. Teachers need to create an environment where student can establish trust and mutual respect, as well as experience harmless constructive feedback. As defined by Bell & Cowie (2001), there are nine characteristics of formative assessment: responsiveness; source of evidence; tacit process; use of professional knowledge and experience; integral measures between teaching and learning; assessments by teacher and student; purpose; appropriateness of process; and predicaments. Vigilant observation of students progression, allows the teacher to see beyond assumptions and predictions, and provide information to better understand and support learning outcomes used to determine students understanding. Careful thought of learning assessments are grouped into four types: observation, conversation, student self-evaluation and artefacts, all of which can take form in numerous assessments: - Checklists: learn student behavior by keeping a record of pre-selected learning actions to be observed, with use of indicators to assess e.g.
Nicol and Macfarlane-Dick (2006) indicate that “formative assessment can promote the development of capacities and attitudes used in lifelong learning. Assessment-centred or student-centred learning environments also emphasize congruence between learning goals and what is assessed”. Formative assessment is going on all an ideal opportunity to give feedback on what understudies are figuring out how to distinguish accomplishment and areas for further work. Additionally, for the educator or teachers to evaluate effectiveness of instructing or teaching and provide a feed forward or to centre feasible arrangements. “Good feedback practice is not only about providing accessible and usable information that helps students improve their learning, but it is also about providing good information to teachers” (Nicol and Macfarlane, 2006, p. 214).
Engage and encourage your students. The performance of "field-dependent" students, those who tend to think more holistically than analytically, is greatly influenced by faculty expressions of confidence in their ability (Anderson, 1988). 6. Interpret assessment results appropriately. There are several approaches to interpreting assessment results; teachers and trainers should choose those most appropriate one for them in decision making.
Feedback is a significant element in determination of education quality as well as in effective learning where it portrays the learning outcomes for students and the successes for the tutors. There are many aspects that concern educationists with regards to feedback but the relationship between perspectives of learning as well as teaching and feedback stands as the most important among them. Feedback should be conveyed in different modes in a learning environment but whatever mode chosen creates room for dialogue between the tutor and students. Therefore, it is only through feedback that the student engagement relationship with the feedback as well as the tutors’ perceptions of learning, teaching and assessment that such successes can be established. The Rationale Feedback is closely related to learning and teaching theories making it a significant element in learning despite the theories that may be adapted.
By providing a hierarchy of levels, this taxonomy can assist teachers in designing performance tasks, making questions for discussing with learners, and providing feedback on student work. This resource is divided into different levels each with Keywords that exemplify the level and questions that focus on that same critical thinking level. Questions for Critical Thinking can be used in the classroom to develop all levels of thinking within the cognitive domain. The results will be improved attention to detail, increased comprehension and prolonged problem solving skills. One way to challenge learners in the classroom is through the use of Bloom’s Taxonomy.
I incorporate this learned experience daily and learn through each success and discovered area of improvement. Addressing my students needs using a variety of assessment tools has been a beneficial practice to help guide instruction. Students have different learning styles and their strengths and weaknesses are not always apparent using the same methods of assessment. Utilizing formative, standards(goal)-based, anecdotal, observational and benchmarks has driven my instructional programs. The combination of different assessments provides me with a multi-dynamic perspective of my students allowing me to better understand their strengths, weakness and academic needs.
(Ritualo, 2000). This work would serve educators, particularly in assessing students, Supervisors and Curriculum Planners to find understanding the outcome of assessment (traditional and authentic) on science appreciative and learning conclusions of scholars. Classroom assessment practices are based on teacher beliefs, training, knowledge and skills in educational assessment. Understanding teachers’ classroom assessment practices remains pivotal for informed educational decisions that can be made about students’ learning outcomes. The results of this study may provide valuable insights for understanding teachers’ classroom assessment practices and needs for teachers in and other parts of the world.
Communication with students I chose this criterion because teachers communicate with students for several independent, but related, purposes: they convey that teaching and learning are purposeful activities; they make that purpose clear to students, and they provide clear directions for classroom activities so that students know what to do; when additional help is appropriate, teachers model these activities. ---One example of a good classroom practise is: In the course of a presentation of content, the teacher asks students, “Can anyone think of an example of that?” 2. Using Questioning and Discussion Techniques I chose this criterion because it is important that questioning and discussion be used as techniques to deepen student understanding rather than serve as recitation, or a verbal “quiz” and because high-quality questions encourage students to make connections among concepts or events previously believed to be unrelated and to arrive at new understandings of complex material.---One example of a good classroom practise is: The teacher poses a question, asking every student to write a brief response and then share it with a partner, before inviting a few to offer their ideas to the entire
This study will help examine the implementation and effectiveness of formative assessment and show its significance. Additionally, this study helps shed light on teachers’ understandings, beliefs, knowledge, attitudes and practices relevant to formative assessment. Teachers will get insight on how to assess their students’ performance. They have better conceptualization of formative assessment. They may apply the practice of formative assessment in their English classroom.