ASSESSMENT/AUDIT 1. Understanding of why it is important to measure sustainability and the associated problems and conflicts of different indicator sets and types Evidence – It is really difficult to find exact concept for measuring sustainability. For instance the measurement of life parameters is differ between different cultures and individuals. So, different solutions will be required to be found for many different communities. However; we should not assume that things we cannot measured easily is not important.
Although Indonesia's economic progress have moved from ' developing' to 'developed' country category, the poor governance of the sustainability of natural resources is highly prone to environmental risks. It creates the term 'systemic problem' and is difficult to tackle. Included as one
In the biodiversity section, the collected case studies generally confirm that agroforestry ensures the presence of different mammalian, avian, insect and other species in the system by providing habitat and improved environmental and living conditions for them. Likewise, few of the presented studies indicate that agroforestry systems – to varied extent – resemble the structural complexity and biological diversity of natural forests. Besides these studies, there has been one reference that I have found particularly interesting. Brodt et al. (as cited in Shibu (2009)) examined why Californian landowners were not willing to apply biodiversity enhancing agroforestry systems, such as hedgerows and windbreaks, on their land.
Secondly, biodiversity plays an important role in ecosystem processes providing the regulating, cultural and supporting services. For instance, vegetation cover protects the soil from erosion by binding soil particles and minimizing the effects of water run off and also replenishes its nutrients . Likewise, cultivation of crops is impossible in the absence of the insects that aid in pollination. We the humans are so dependent upon biodiversity for our cultural, economic, and environmental well-being that it is beyond words to describe the importance it holds for us ,it is the basis of our existence and the very reason for our well- being. It is impossible to describe how deeply it is incorporated in the DNA of our cultural identity ,spirituality and traditions.
Maybe I will ask myself for those questions, but we will never have an accurate answer for these. In past decade, humans are not realized about the importance of the environmental ethics towards our environment. Just like I said in the above the ideas of the Earth day was started in 1970. We, as a human being defined as an intelligent creature in the world, hence we should protect the others such as animals, plants, and environment to achieve the equitability of the world. Of course, we know that pollution and the depletion of natural resources have not been the only environmental concerns but also the loss of wilderness, the degradation of ecosystems and climate change are all part of the “green” issues that implanted themselves into public policy over these years.
According to Tilman (2001) environmental factors refer to whichever element that might bring changes to a current environment. This includes human factors such as natural forces as the weather, as well such as litter that does not biodegrade. Unique thing that is constantly true about the environment is that it is always in the state of change. There are some environmental obstacles in communication including external noise, climate, time, space physical distance, and place. According to University of Waterloo, there are also non-environmental obstacles, such as feeling sick physically or emotionally, concentrating on the next responses, simplifying, having a negative focus and not actually pay attention to the speaker.
Habitat destruction or excessive harvesting of particular specie may prove to be a threat to biodiversity conservation. As nature’s presence is linked with the presence of life and thus nature conservation becomes very important to check extinction of species. Thus to keep this beautiful relationship of nature and living organisms it requires a check on the activities which harm nature and poses a challenge. In this paper we will discuss the causes behind biodiversity loss, taking a stand in conservation strategies and concluding with some examples to support. BIODIVERSITY Life on Earth is very ancient.
Dependence on ecosystem services in this area is highest owing to the community’s limited alternative livelihood options coupled with fragile and risky environments. Overdependence on the forest and unsustainable utilization of the forest resources translates to considerable deterioration in terms of the ecosystem services and forest cover. Therefore, there is need to embrace sustainable forest resource utilization to safeguard the ecosystem against degradation, and thus a reliable source of goods and services for various user-groups This study was conceived on the premise that the current resource extraction approaches are unsustainable and thus compromising the ability of future generations in accessing the same resources and services. Thus, this study aimed at studying the effects of forest cover changes on the provision of ecosystem services by analyzing forest cover changes that have occurred in Katimok Forest Reserve over the last few decades, and the impacts it has had on the forest’s ability to provide ecosystem
National land use policies that promote conservation and sustainable development of forest should be developed and implementation. 4. The implementation of the programme was affected in some of the cases due to lack of coordination between the Forest Department and block agencies. No follow up action was taken up by the implementing agencies in almost all the cases for getting feedback on implementation through regular fields visits. 5.
The various perspectives, discussions, position & conclusions on wildlife conservation are depicted in the following available literature: P.S.Jaswal & Nishtha Jaswal in their book “Environmental Law” gave a brief information about the wildlife protection and the law. They stated that conservation of living natural resources- plants, animals & micro-organisms & the non-living elements of the environment on which they depend is crucial for development. Now a day’s a number of animal species are getting extinct. So, in order to conserve and maintain them it is very essential to provide an appropriate environment and support system. The conservation of wildlife is of immense importance to the mankind & people should understand why to conserve wildlife and the different ways in which the wildlife is beneficial to mankind.