Extreme weather events can also disrupt or slow the distribution of food. (USGCRP, Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States: A Scientific Assessment., 2016)] Higher air temperatures can increase cases of Salmonella and other bacteria-related food poisoning because bacteria grow more rapidly in warm environments. These diseases can cause gastrointestinal distress and, in severe cases, death. (USGCRP, Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States: A Scientific Assessment., 2016) Practices to safeguard food can help avoid these illnesses even as the climate changes. Climate change will have a variety of impacts that may increase the risk of exposure to chemical contaminants in food.
Evolution can be the cause of extinction. Tis can be by overpopulation which is when we have a very powerful group kill out an organism. Also, less land for a species can cause the rate of deaths to be greater than the births. Then, if the new species is to strong it can mess up the entire food chain. This proves that evolution may cause new species but, it isn’t always good.
Due to directional selection and rapid migration, climatic conditions reduce the genetic diversity of species which in turn affect functions of ecological system (Meyers and Bull, 2002; Botkin et al., 2007). On the other hand studies are concentrated on impacts of higher biomes, whereas the genetic effects of climatic condition were studied for small group of species. Apart from this, different effects on population will alter the web of interactions at biomes level (Gilman et al., 2010; Walther, 2010). Variation in climate leads to alteration in cyclic and seasonal phenomena of flowering and insect pollinators, leads to conflicts in plant and pollinator inhabitants which eliminates both the plant and insect pollinator (Kiers et al., 2010; Rafferty and Ives 2010). Various adaptations of interspecific competition such as commensalism, mutualism, parasitism, predation, amensalism, neutralism and protocooperation also modify community structure and ecosystem functions (Lafferty, 2009; Walther, 2010; Yang and Rudolf, 2010).
There can also be affects on the types of storms that can occur if global warming continues. Scientists say that category three storms can turn into a more dangerous category fours. Farms and cities will face new pests, heatwaves, heavy downpours, and increased flooding. There can also be many causes in disruption of habitats and this can lead to many animal species to extinction. Global warming is a rise in the surface temperature of the earth.
There has been a significant increase in bushfires and droughts, and these have been associated with climate change. Rising sea levels are also very dangerous for Australia. In this report, I will be further mentioning the causes and impacts of climate change, and solutions for climate change. Causes of Climate Change - 573 There are natural, as well as unnatural causes of climate change. Natural climate change can be divided into two sections, long-term and short term.
Higher temperatures will affect the growth of plants and Efficiency of the crops and forest in that area. Here is how climate change will effect the U.S. tropical islands. Sea level rise will threaten the amount freshwater, ecosystems, and infrastructure of U.S. tropical islands. Coral reefs, That are already being hurt by pollution, will probably get worse as the ocean gets warmer and absorbs more acid. Here is how climate change will effect the North East.
In addition studies show different conclusion as a result of geographical variation in the change of climate. Still the phonological shifts in many species are inevitable. More studies that will link phonological shifts to the viability of a population are needed in the future. As mismatches in phenology will occur frequently and the mismatches occurring becoming even larger, it is highly likely there will be a consequence for the viability of populations. The rate of climate change is still increasing, nevertheless generating predictions about the future is difficult and therefore predicting what will happen to species unable to keep up with climate change gives uncertainty.
It occurs due to rise in global warming which occurs due to increase in temperature of atmosphere by burning of fossils fuels and release of harmful gases by industries. Climate change has various harmful effects but not limited to melting of polar ice, changes in seasons, occurrence of new diseases, frequent occurrence of floods and change in overall weather scenario. • Loss of Biodiversity: Human activity is leading to the extinction of species and habitants and loss of bio-diversity. Eco systems, which took millions of years to perfect, are in danger when any species population is decimating. Balance of natural processes like pollution is crucial to the survival population is decimating.
Ecological Changes strongly influence disease patterns. But a warming and change in climate is playing an ever-increasing role in redistribution of infectious diseases. The effect of global warming depends heavily on the ability of humans’ adaptation the direct and indirect impacts of climate change on human health have a considerable toll on life. Although predictions of exact risk posed by climate change is impossible. Vector-Borne Diseases- Climate change will affect disease vectors, which in turn alter the current patterns of vector-borne diseases.