The Importance Of Biodiversity In Agriculture

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Biodiversity refers to variability among the living organisms which are existing and interacting in various terrestrial, marine system during the specific timeframe within an ecosystem (Altieri, 999; UN, 2015; Kumar, 2015). Generally, biodiversity consists of three major components such as species diversity, genetic diversity, and ecosystem diversity which have a significant role in the entire ecosystem (Rawat & Agarwal, 2015; Kumar, 2015). Furthermore, biodiversity is different forms of life on earth which consist of different species organisms. It is promoting the aesthetic value of the natural environment and support to life system by providing food, fodder, fuel, medicine, and timber etc. but unfortunately human activities cause of global warming, catastrophe, soil degradation, and habitat loss which is an alarming threat to species and ecosystem diversity (Rawat & Agarwal, 2015). Conservation of biodiversity plays important role in the functioning and delivering ecosystem services. Agroecosystems make agricultural crop production more sustainable and economically viable by maintaining high biodiversity. Agricultural biodiversity protects to pollination of crops, biological crops, maintenance of proper structure and soil fertility against nutrient cycling, soil erosion, and control of water flow and distribution (Feledyn-Szewczyk et al., 2016). Biodiversity in agricultural sector can be recognised on two levels: first level is related to species and cultivars diversity,
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