Studies have been made into why childhood trauma affects the adult life of its victim. But now, researchers have begun to reveal what happens in the brain following this kind of trauma. Trauma can cause lasting changes in the areas of the brain that deal with stress, namely the amygdala, hippocampus, and prefrontal
Dementia is a disorder which causes the brain cells to deteriorate therefor causes a decline in several symptoms and affects a person’s mentality, capacity and how they go about their everyday life. NVQ 1.2 2) Describe the functions of the brain that are affected by dementia. There are many brain functions affected by dementia depending on which form of dementia the individual has. The temporal lobe’s functions affected are Memory loss for example forgetting things you have just been told or something you have just said so repeating yourself several times, balance, posture and vision can also be affected due to decline in health of the temporal lobe. Frontal lobe affects behaviour for example becoming withdrawn.
The input nuclei receives signals and the output signal sends the signals to the part of the brain that processses the signals. They are responsible for voluntary movement and cognitive functions. In addition, the basal ganglia are associated with processing emotions. The basal ganglia ensure that involuntary movements are avoided and enable voluntary movements. Through these, the motor cortex is able process information concerned with
The midbrain consists of the tectum and tegmentum. The hindbrain is made of the cerebellum, pons, and medulla. Often the midbrain, pons, and medulla are referred to together as the brainstem. The cerebrum or cortex is the largest part of the human brain, associated with higher brain function such as thought and action. The cerebral cortex is divided into four sections which called lobes.
Trauma is defined by the person who experiences it, no single list can include all the causes of trauma for children. Here is some of the most common traumas for children Surgery or Serious Illness, Accidents, Constant and Intense Bullying, Separation from Loved Ones, Natural Disasters, Emotional Abuse, Physical Abuse, Sexual Abuse, Neglect. Childhood Trauma could continue through adulthood and cause anxiety and depression. “So many broken children, living in grown bodies, mimicking adult lives”
It consists of bundles of nerve fibers that join the lower parts of the brainstem and the spinal cord with the higher parts of the brain. The midbrain is the center for auditory and visual reflexes and plays a role in controlling wakefulness of the brain. The pons means ‘bridge’ in Latin, therefore it connects the midbrain to the medulla and cerebrum. It plays as an important role in controlling the rate and length of respiration. The medulla oblongata is an extension of the spinal cord as it lies just inside the cranial cavity above the large hole in the occipital bone called the foramen magnum.
İt carries signals between the rest of the brain and the body. It is a complex network of about 100 tiny nuclei that occupies the central core of the brain stem from the posterior boundary of the myelencephalon to the anterior boundary of the midbrain. It is involved in a variety of functions, including sleep, attention, movement, the maintenance of muscle tone and various cardiac, circulatory and respiratory reflexes. Metencephalon, also houses a complex network like the myelencephalon. This network like structure create a bulge called the pons.
The human brain is like a library that contains the memories instead of books. Librarian is the Hippocampus, a part of the brain that has the greatest responsibility in sorting a new short-term memories and storing a long-term memory collection. Different types of memory are stored in different parts of the brain. The brain must be able to find information in a split second, whether it's a phone number or some dusty memory which has been waiting in the basement of the library for years. But that's not always possible.
Dangerous behaviors that damage the brain Do you know? The human brain is greatly amazing. It is issue similar tofu and it weighs 1.36 kilograms. It has various cells such as the neuron. The brain makes you can create everything for example match are produced by the human brain but you use few only idea of the brain.