The Importance Of Career Success

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Introduction The type and scope of careers have evolved over the years with the advancement of technology and globalisation (Biemann, Zacher, & Feldman, 2012; cited in Zacher, 2014), which results to the needs for individuals to adapt to these changes for career survival (Savickas et al., 2009). Having say that, jobs are no longer a subset of safety needs in Maslow’s hierarchy of needs (1943) but a core aspect of identity and individual’s development (Sutin et al., 2009). Career literatures have defined career success in the context of positive psychological and work-related outcomes from the accumulation of individual’s work experience (Judge, Cable, Boudreau, & Bretz, 1995; London & Stumpf, 1982; Seibert et al., 1999; cited from Seibert and Kraimer, 2001). For example, Hogan, Chamorro-Premuzic, and Kaiser (2013); cited in Olson and Shultz (2013) defined career success by occupational prestige and financial attainment. However, there are compelling evidences to the earlier definition as factors such a’ conceptualisation of importance of work at different stages of life, the environmental and gender glass ceiling (Hogan, Chamorro-Premuzic, and Kaiser, 2013) may not be considered in the context. The consensus view of career success may have likely defined as both objective career success (extrinsic reward) and subjective career success (intrinsic reward) (Wang, Olson & Shultz, 2013; cited in Olson and Shultz, 2013). This report is an attempt to address if individual

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