BUSINESS ETHICS ASSIGNMENT INTRODUCTION Child labor by numbers. 211 million children worldwide are child laborers. 73 million working children are less than 10 years old. 126 million are estimated to work in the worst forms of child labor one in every 12 of the world's five to 17 year’s olds. 8.4 million Children are trapped in slavery, trafficking, debt bondage and other forms of forced labor, forced recruitment for armed conflict, prostitution, pornography and other illicit activities.
Research on gender pay gap by UNDP (2009) observes that between 1985 and 2008, inequality in Nigeria worsened from 0.43 to 0.49, placing the country among those with the highest inequality levels in the world. The poverty problem in the country is partly a feature of high inequality which manifests in highly unequal income distribution and differential access to basic infrastructure, education, training and job opportunities. Gender inequality in education is extreme. Girls are less likely to access school, to remain in school or to achieve in education. Despite almost 30 years of the Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), and 20 years of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), today girls make up around 56 per cent of the 77 million children not in school, and women make up two thirds of the adults who are illiterate.
Women and girls represent the largest share of forced labor victims with 11.4 million sex victims. The average age of teens that enter the sex trade is girls from ages 12 to 14. Many of these victims had been runaway girls who had been sexually abused as children. Around 30,000 sex slaves from the ages six to 24 years old have died each year from abuse, disease,
According to the PBS Frontline video “Poor Kids” 2012, more than 46 million Americans are living beneath the poverty line. The United States alone has one of the highest rates of child poverty in the industrialized world. It is stated that 1 out of 5 children are living in poverty. The video documented the lives of three families who are faced with extreme hardships and are battling to survive a life of being poor. All three families have more than one child and could barely afford to pay their bills and purchase food for their household.
These are some of the important factors contributing in general to the suffering of children in Ethiopia. A quarter of the population lives on less than $1.25 per day (UNDP 2011), and “87.3 percent of the population suffers multiple deprivations while an additional 6.8 percent are vulnerable to multiple deprivations” (UNDP 2013). “Almost half the population is considered undernourished, and the average life expectancy is only 48 years”. Most people living under these severe conditions are trapped in a cycle of poverty (UNDP 2011). Poverty is a major factor in this regard and accounts for close to 70 percent of the factors that cause streetism in Ethiopia.
According to the Global Sex Trafficking Fact Sheet, at least 20.9 million adults and children are bought and sold into commercial sexual servitude, forced labor and bonded labor, about 2 million children are exploited every year in the global commercial sex trade, almost 6 million were trafficked for sexual exploitation, women and girls make up 98% of victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation . Women who they cannot access enough resources, such as housing, land, and property, increase this risk. When women are trying to survive and assure the survival of relatives in their family, the only work which they will do so that they are able to get the income is the selling of their bodies. The main factors of women who are
Human child trafficking in Africa Humans- Not For Sale. An estimated 1.2 million children are trafficked each year in Africa. “Africa has the highest incidence of child labour in the world. According to the ILO, 41 per cent of all African children between the age of 5 and 14 are involved in some form of economic activity” (Child Labour Rooted in Africa’s Poverty). Human child trafficking is a global phenomenon happening right now in every country in the world, also the second fastest growing criminal industry.
According to Childhelp.com, “Every year more than 3.6 million referrals are made to child protection agencies involving 6.6 million children. The United States has one of the worst records among industrialized nations-losing on average between four and seven children every day due to child abuse and neglect.”This quote relates to Purple Hibiscus. This is because Kambili, the main character, is being abused and it 's going unnoticed till she ended up in the hospital. Purple Hibiscus is a novel authored by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie. This novel is about a family that 's high in society in Nigeria, Africa.
Statistics reveal that 15.4 percent of children of mothers with no education suffered from chronic malnutrition, while 9.4 percent and 4.7 percent in children of mothers with secondary or higher education levels respectively (Acevedo & Menendez, 2006). Undoubtedly, low levels of education especially in women are key perpetrators of poor nutrition practices (Bain et al.,
At least 500 million girls and women globally lack adequate facilities for managing their periods, according to a 2015 report from UNICEF and the World Health Organization (WHO). In rural India, one in five girls abandon/give up/ left school after they start menstruations, and of the 355 million menstruating girls and women in the country, just 12 percent use sanitary napkins. Furthermore, the situation for prison inmates and homeless women is alarming. In her book “Presos que mestruam”, the journalist Nana Queiroz reveals the horror of women’s prisons in Brazil. The writer says that women inmates use bread crumbs as tampons, since they receive only one or two packs a month, insufficient for women with more intense menstrual flow.