Calvino's imagined city of Octavia stands as an excellent allegory of contemporary cities in view of their dependence on critical infrastructure systems. Especially, though Octavia provides us with an entry point to consider urban infrastructures in relation to disorder. In this article, I consider disorder to be an important aspect of urban infrastructures. The notion of disorder has predominately been defined in relation to its opposite, which at the same time serves as its correlative, that is order. Disorder has been conceptualised in urban studies as a way to challenge the idea of urban order, homogeneity and control.
Institutional barriers includes polices, guidelines, and systemic processes at governmental level or the loopholes in the coordination of various institutions striving for provision of better environment. Today the world is focusing on achieving UN Sustainable Developmental Goals (SDGs) of 2030 Agenda for ‘Transforming Our World.’ These goals include ecofriendly environmental conditions supporting sustainable cities and communities. Sustainable urbanism seeks to alleviate the detrimental environmental consequences of conventional residential sprawl; yet there is a perception among experts that in practice many developments fall short of these ideals. Sustainable urbanism is critiqued as conventional suburbia capitalizing on sustainability rhetoric
When placed in a city, one would dwell in the streets and hope to get lost in that fabric of structures so that he/she would be able to explore the endless possible experiences that he/she might obtain. Upon dwelling into those streets, one realizes some patterns and grids that facilitate residents’ lives and make it easier to walk and experience the spaces created. Some say that this is the effect of urban planning. according to Raphaël Fischler,of the School of Urban Planning, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Urban planning is hard to define and harder to practice because it is the unsteady, always renegotiated resolution of a number of contradictions, paradoxes, and tensions; for example ,the tension between urban planning
informal settlements. Yet, securing tenancy becomes one of the important challenges faced by the residents of the informal settlements. While being excluded from formal regulations, squatting informally becomes the alternative way to secure ownership (Arnott, 2008). In other cases, informal renting gives access to housing. There are different forms within the cities.
I believe that urban spaces have an impact on how people position themselves in a context, how they behave and how they think. By choosing to study urban planning and design, it is not just the design skills that I want to learn, I want to learn how design impacts people and how good designs can contribute to generating a more harmonious society. The year of 2007 was the first time in human history when the urban population of the world was larger than the rural population. By 2050, the largest increase in the urban population of the world will be in India, projected at around 400,000,000 people (United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2014): World Urbanization Prospects: The 2014 Revision.) These
Urban Regeneration also means urban renewal, urban renovation, revamping, restoration, reconstruction etc, which is a plan or scheme of land improvement in parts high mass of urban land use. Regeneration has had both good achievements and bad disappointments. Its personification initiated in the late 19th century in industrialized nations and experienced a powerful stage in the late 1940s under the title of reform. The development process has had a great effect on countless town sceneries and has played a significant part in the past and demographics of towns over the world. The focus is on South African cities enhancing the welfare of urban areas is a vital object to South African society.
They are termed as –“big but not powerful”. These cities have high poverty, crime rates and social deprivation. The dire need now is to move away from the first world models and the third world problems, and instead focus on the policy approaches that seek to give importance to these third world cities, recognizing their characteristics, strengths and their contributions made to the world economy. The key theme of concentration is the growing characteristic much evident in our third world cities, urban informality and policy responses to informality, such as slum upgrading and land
However, he strongly believes that most people hardly realize the significance of city planning and construction on social and economic development . The way buildings and neighbourhoods are designed coupled with how their surrounding spaces are built and utilized may have larger consequences on the community and the people. A discussion on the social impact of architecture cannot be more topical because in today’s world, majority of the people live in cities. Thus, in building and construction, it is now very crucial for engineers to create an avenue to accommodate this influx of people. In Ghana for example, cities like Accra and Kumasi have undisputedly become the centre of human activity and civilization.
The scale and velocity of urbanization, especially in the developing world, poses significant challenges for the provision of public infrastructure, including safe housing and quality health services, particularly in resource-poor countries. As summed up by UNDESA (2014:3), “rapid and unplanned urban growth threatens sustainable development when the necessary infrastructure is not developed or when policies are not implemented to ensure that the benefits of city life are equitably shared.” Strikingly, urban poverty is on the rise (Baker, 2008): While many urban dwellers benefit from the opportunities that city life entails, many others remain in deprivation. The large socioeconomic inequality within cities stems from the fact that urban living and working conditions are very heterogeneous and, in addition to large global health inequities between countries, one’s place of residence within a city largely determines one’s health and wellbeing. Moreover, in the last decades the number of poor urban dwellers residing in slums and informal settlements with inadequate infrastructure has been increasing and is currently estimated at some 863 million; this means that every third urban dweller lives in a slum (UN‑Habitat,