The Importance Of Classical Roman Cities

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Classical Roman cities had come from humble beginnings to later unifying to become one of the largest Empires in the ancient world. Classical Rome was made up of small groups of villages settled within the mountain hilltops, as the marshy valleys between the hills had not allowed settlers to create well structured homes or produce agriculture (Macaulay). It was not until Roman engineers figured out how to drain the water that history began to see one of the largest cities of the ancient world begin to arise. But this was just a stepping stone to Rome’s success. The design and structure of a city is as important as the people who dwell within her walls. The Classical Roman cities soon fine tuned their design principles in order to reach the needs of her people. As most civilizations, Classical Roman cities’ “defense potential, adequate water supply and economic potential were the most important factors in deciding on the sites” of the cities (Cilliers). At the peak of Rome’s population, over one million in the 5th century BC, Rome adopted a grid system that had divided the town into blocks, with buildings in the center and a wall which had encircled the city (Harl). It was here where there were “aqueducts to supply water, temples, markets, theaters and amphitheaters, public baths, and playing fields” (Macaulay). To the Roman Empire, cities were the building blocks of the empire, the centers of trade and commerce. Rome continued to develop and improve the city’s structures,

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