The Importance Of Coastal Management

1358 Words6 Pages
Coastal management refers to all the management practises, scientific and traditional, which help to maintain the balance between environmental processes, human health, human and economic activities of coastal areas (National Ocean Service, 2014). Coastal areas are dynamic environments which are continuously acted upon by wind, rain, waves and wave action from changing tides and currents. These strong forces have shaped the world’s coastlines predominantly through erosion and deposition (Chiras & Reganold, 2010). Our coastlines may be made up of dunes and beaches, rocky cliffs, barrier islands or coral reefs. They also usually support coastal wetlands, salt marshlands and thick mangrove forests which act as buffers between our fragile coasts…show more content…
They offer a multitude of recreation opportunities and historically have served as the location of our many ports which are used for the shipping, transporting and receiving raw materials and goods by sea (Chiras & Reganold, 2010). About 44% of the world’s population lived on coasts in 2010 and the rapid increase in growth of the coastal population coupled with increasing tourism is adding more pressure upon the coastal environment (United Nations, 2010). Human development has resulted in habitat destruction and pollution, disrupting the normal flow of ecological processes in coastal environments (Chiras & Reganold,…show more content…
This has been used in areas which depend on beach tourism so that the beach is not made unattractive. However, some amount of beach erosion still occurs and maintenance is difficult since they are offshore (Coastal Management, 2015). Soft engineering, the next type of coastal management, refers to ‘the use of ecological principles and practices to reduce erosion and achieve stability and safety of shorelines and rivers while enhancing habitats, aesthetics and saving money’ (Foster, 2010). Soft engineering options are less expensive, more sustainable, long term and have less impact on the environment (Debens, 2009). Beach nourishment is a technique used to reclaim or restore a lost beach or to create a new sandy shoreline. The sand and sediments used may be gotten from seabed mining, imported or brought from interior locations. The sand and sediment is placed along the shoreline to widen the beach and thus it decreases the waves’ energy when they hit the shore. This type of activity protects the coastal lowlands and it preserves the beach’s resources (Foster, 2010). However it needs to be continuously monitored and maintained as intense rainfall or wave events may wash away large amounts of sediments (Coastal Management,

More about The Importance Of Coastal Management

Open Document