Collective Memory In The 1960s

1898 Words8 Pages
Introduction
In the 1960s and 1970s, there was a great deal of academic research on memory, that is ‘memory boom’. As a contemporary architect, Rossi (1984) emphasized the importance of history and argued that memory or history are the clues of understanding the complex urban structure, which was influenced by psychologist Carl Jung. However, Nietzsche (1997), the philosopher at the same time, had criticized the recognition of overemphasizing the meaning of history. In this essay, we will explore the significance of collective memory and history. In addition, we will discuss the two different views in the same context and, we should keep or break the historical restrictions in the process of urban development. In the analysis of the Grange
…show more content…
In urban architecture, Rossi (1984) believes that the city itself is a place of collective memory. Meanwhile, collective memory also constitutes the quality of artifacts. So what is the collective memory? Maurice Halbwachs (1992) points out in his ‘on collective memory’: when a group becomes a part of space, the group will transform this part of space into its own image. At the same time, the group will succumb or submissive to the specific things it confronts. The group will be limited to the framework set up by itself. The image of the external environment and the relationship of the group itself become the concept of the group itself. Therefore, to put it simply, collective memory is a kind of unexpressed subconscious, which is the basis and essence of the urban site. It is the beginning of the city of modeling, the concept of the city is a combination of the past and the future, it throughout the city as full of memory in everyone 's life, and the style for a long time of memory is a monumental building. This is also why the origin of the city has been part of the myth since ancient…show more content…
However, the media not only carry information about the past in a neutral way, but also actively interpret past events and figures, cultural values and common identities, so in a sense, the media are also creating collective memories. In fact, the Grange Garden is a medium that conveys common memories and creates collective memories. The Grange Garden as a medium has three main functions - store, circulate and cue. In some way, the function of storage spanning the time, the function of circulation across the space and the function of cue cross the mind. At the first place, Grange Garden is one of the oldest landmarks in Grangetown. People’s memory of the park began in 1895 when it was first open to the public. It retains memories of generations who live in the Grangetown. In other words, it provides a place for people 's memories. The Grange Garden itself is both sender and receiver of people’s memories. Meanwhile, it is both the memories of the media and memories of the content. Second, the Grange Garden also is a symbol code. It conveys the symbols of memory to visitors. For example, the Grange Garden is defined as a children playground in most children 's memory, and its symbol is the playground. With this symbol, people will naturally promote a better development in the same area. This also breaks the
Open Document