In 1914, Britain put a distant blockade on Germany, which allowed them to control exits from the North Sea and damaged both Germany’s economy and War effort (Roskill 4: 533). Germany attempted to break Britain’s blockade, which resulted in the Battle of Jutland, in 1916. The role that other nations’ navies played was also extremely influential on the outcome of World War I. The role of naval Warfare during World War I, especially the Allied blockade of Germany, proved to be crucial in defeating the Central Powers, which consisted of Austria-Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire. The naval race between Great Britain and Germany from 1898 to 1914 caused great friction among the two nations and was one of the causes for World War I.
Germany did not manage to break through to France as quickly as it intented to. Due to the "Treaty of London", which guaranteed the independence of Belgium, Britain declared war on Germany. 125000 of well trained and equipped members of BEF (British Expeditionary Force) helped to resist the assault. A crucial element of failure of the Schlieffen Plan was the fact, that Russia organised it 's army earlier than Germany suspected, what forced it to send soldiers away to Western Front and fight off the Russian troops invasion. Another reason for the
The United Kingdom spent $47 billion during the First World War, and met only a quarter of these costs by raising taxes. They were funding a considerable proportion of the Allied Powers’ war effort, as well as trying to sustain their own empire. To feed its population, the U.K relied heavily on naval imports of food, mainly coming from the U.S. Even with low supplies of food, the government was reluctant to introduce rationing, as it did not want to further lower civilian morale. However, this became necessary in 1917, when German submarines started sinking one in four British merchant ships in order to cut off the food supply and starve the population.
Timothy Li Dr. Hogge AP European History March 8th 2018 Black May The Black May in World War II had been a major turning point in the Battle of the Atlantic for the Allied countries. Until May of 1943, the Germans had led a massive U-boat campaign that devastated the Allies vessels. Great Britain especially was hurt by the U-boats as Britain had relied on supplies from other nations in order to not only fight in the war, but also protect itself from a Nazi invasion. The German U-boats were effective because of the lack of proper armorment on shipping vessels moving to and from Great Britain and that the U-boats often hunted in wolf-packs, where multiple submarines would stay close together to hunt and sink specific targets. England was losing
Germany had attempted to match the Royal Navy but the British had maintained their position in the later naval arms race. Later, the allies developed the “all-arms attack” plan, which caused Germany to find it hard to win. Allies cooperated and all worked together which caused them to be powerful. However compare the Allies to the Central Powers, the central powers were weaker as they didn’t work together. Nearly half of the troop strength for the Central Powers came from Germany in World War One.
Also, the plan mainly relied for speed and to move a large number of German troops they would need transportation. For this the Germans relied on trains. Once the Germans had started the invasion, the French destroyed the train tracks so the German forces was slowed down substantially. Also, the assumption made by the Germans turned out to be wrong. Russia didn’t need six weeks to mobilize its troops and the British played a huge role in protecting Belgium.
Stalin’s plan was to improve his military for future conflict and he would do this while Germany entered into hostility with Britain. The Pact bought Stalin some extra time to do this. The Soviets did not want a future where a powerful and victorious Germany would be their next door neighbour (Gorodetsky 1990, p29). In September 1939 Hitler invaded Poland. Neither Hitler nor Stalin had foreseen that this would lead to the Western Allies declaring war on Germany on the first of September 1939.
Japan attacked Hong Kong as it was under Britain, which were their enemies, and it would be a jab to them if they lost, and the Japanese were on a train ride, with every stop being another success; after winning against China, a huge country, Hong Kong didn’t seem like a strong opponent. And since they had just attacked Pearl Harbour and taken away multiple vessels from the USA, they knew that America would have cared more about Pearl Harbour. They also knew that the land was good land to own, as it can work in many different strategic ways. And in order to be able to collect this piece of land, the Japanese needed a large amount of soldiers. In the category of manpower, they delivered, as they sent 50,000 men, whereas the defence,
The enigma code played a big role in world war 2 due it being used by the Germans to communicate with each other and to send their plans to the army bases and German commanders. The breaking of the enigma code made the Allis finally one step ahead of the German troops. The enigma code had to be kept a secret by the British so the Germans wouldn’t find out about it being broken. The breaking of the enigma code changed the war drastically by allowing the Allis to know the Germans moves body During the war great Brittan fort in a battle called “the battle of the Atlantic”. In this battle they took over a German U-boat, inside they found the machine that was receiving the German codes.
On June 17 1940, The French signed an armistice and pulled out of World War 2, after being defeated by Hitler’s Nazi Germany which had conquered most of Western Europe in less than two months. But British Prime Minister Winston Churchill rallied his stubborn people, and out-manuovered those politicians who wanted to negotiate with Adolf Hitler. But Britain’s success in continuing the war very much depended on the RAF Fighter Command’s agility to thwart the Luftwaffe’s efforts to gain air superiority, This then would be the first all air battle in history. The Germans had poor intelligence and little idea of British vulnerabilities. They wasted most of July waiting for a British surrender and attacked in august.
United States entering World War 2 was the turning point of the war for the Allies. The Allies were being bomb by air and losing on every front of the war, from England to Africa and beyond. The United States wanted to stay neutral and did so for the first 2 years of the war. The United States used economic sanctions on Japan to try and deter their aggression in Asia and the Pacific. They supplied Britain, Soviet Union and China with war materials and even deployed troops to Iceland, relieving Britain soldiers.
Nobody was ecstatic with the outbreak of the World War I, but it is a great chance for American to consolidate their international status by improve themselves on different fields. The most significant one is economy. One New York magazine stated “An European war seems to ensure the future of the world economy belongs to the American continent, especially belongs to North America.So although America keep a neutral role at beginning of the World War I, but America didn’t stay out of the war completely. At that time America increased their foreign trade volume largely which quickly pushed them to became a main factory of world market. They sell the supply and weapons for the war to both Central Powers and Allies and got a great benefit on their economy.
Hence, it is imperative one understands the role the Lusitania played during the Great War. To begin, During the Great War, the U.S. was in an economic slump, and the war was a means of jumping out of this recession. The U.S. merchants began trading arms with the Allies, especially Britain. To stop this, Germany initiated the Unrestricted Submarine Warfare policy. Unrestricted submarine warfare meant that whenever German U-boats saw ships or vehicles which were not under the control of the Central Powers or were believed to carry goods for the Allies, they destroyed them.
This offer was sent through a telegram to Mexico City, but Great Britain intercepted the message and shared the information with the United States. This event led to the United States declaring war on Germany on April 6, 1917. The economic reasons as to why the U.S. entered WWI boiled down to the investments in Great Britain and in France. If Great Britain and France lost the war, they would not be able to repay their debt to the United States. “The U.S. economy could have potentially collapsed if debts were not paid back.
The Germans found success in their blitzkrieg strategies, and their U- boats continued to intimidate the Atlantic. “A navy second to none, said he, was needed as a `contribution to world peace (Document B)”. This threaten the Atlantic affected the United States trade and personal safety. Without safe waters trade, the United States would lose large amount of money on sunken imports and exports. By terrorizing the waters, German U- boats could control the United States trade, and dictate their economy’s success or failure.