Chapter 1 Introduction 1.0. Research Background Control of insects is something that mostly caught awareness of most people. Repellent is a way to prevent the insects from approaching but not to kill them. An insect repellent exists in various form of substances such as spray, cream, lotion, and powder. There are two types of repellent that is chemical and natural.
A number of factors are thought to contribute to the decline of the honey bee populations including climate change, destruction of habitat, pesticide usage and pathogens. While multiple factors are contributing to the decline of honey bee populations, one pathogen concerns beekeepers more. This pathogen is Nosema. The fungal infections Nosema cernae and Nosema apis so adversely affect the health of the honey bee that it can result in a complete collapse of the colony. Even when a complete collapse does not occur, an infection of Nosema can still affect the colony by causing poor overwintering as well as poor performance in the spring.
It is through culture that people are defined, and share particular value systems. “Culture consists of patterns, explicit and implicit, of and for behaviour, acquired and transmitted by symbols, constituting the distinctive achievement of human groups, including their embodiments in artifacts; the essential core of culture consists of traditional (i.e. historically derived and selected) ideas and especially their attached values; culture systems may, on the one hand, be considered as products of action, on the other as conditioning elements of further action. (1993, p. 36&37) Culture and society are closely related, society consists of people belonging to a particular culture which have a set of universal signs. Language, ideology, cultural products, institutions and organisations make up systemic parts of our culture For example art and classical music is representative of high culture it is through these cultural signifiers that individuals create meaning from their existence.
S. Amarnadh. In my junior year, I have fabricated a demo website of customer and operator information for a software industry called MIRACLE SOFTWARE SYSTEMS along with a team of six members. These projects clearly depicted the fusion of various trades of computer science engineering. I also presented papers on “DNA COMPUTING”, “CLOUD COMPUTING” and “MOBILE COMPUTING” for which I received positive reviews from my professors and peers. I regularly attend guest lectures, workshops and conferences to be in tune with the latest developments and I keep myself abreast with the latest technologies by reading
Diversity of endosymbionts imparting insecticide resistance in leafhopper Amrasca biguttula biguttula (Ishida) through 16s rRNA gene sequencing G. Sivakumar, Abraham Verghese, Chandish R. Ballal and R. Rangeshwaran National Bureau of Agricultural Insect Resources, Bengaluru- 560 024, Karnataka, India Amrasca biguttula biguttula (Ishida) (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) is one of the serious pest of cotton, okra, sunflower, etc. causing substantial yield loss. Farmers generally use different pesticides 10 to 15 rounds during the crop season against leafhopper. The literature suggests that the leafhopper has developed resistance to the many insecticides recommended, viz., neonicotinoids, metasystox, diamethoate, phosphamidon, imidacloprid and acetamiprid.
Waterhyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes Mart. Solms-Laubach (Pontederiaceae), a native of the tropical South America, is considered to be one of the most serious aquatic weeds (Holms et al., 1977). It has spread throughout tropical countries causing widespread problems to millions of users of water aquaticbodies and water its resources. It causeings severe problems related to itsthe use and management of fresh water resources (Gopal, 1987; Center, 1994). It has a tremendous socio-economic impact on aquatic ecosystem causing global annual loss of more than US$ 100 million to hydroelectricity generation, irrigation schemes, fisheries, water transport, etc (Shabana, 2005).
New roads are being built and forests are demolished and destructive logging practices and unsustainable wood collection can eventually lead to a spiral of degradation. In Australia, agricultural expansion, primarily for beef cattle production, is the major leading driver of tree-clearing. Deforestation and tree-clearing is the major cause of habitat loss for many potentially endangered and endangered species. In Sydney, this includes the Tasmanian Devil, the Southern Cassowary, Tasmanian wedge-tailed eagle, the Carnaby 's cockatoo, Bennett 's tree kangaroo, the Cape York rock-wallaby, and
Our complex linguistic behavior, our superior intelligence, and our socio-cultural identity, distinguishes us from animals. In this context coquetry is comparable to the peacock's tail. Coquetry is a courtship device evolved to attract and retain sexual partners. If this reasoning and rationality is correct, coquetry is essential ability to charm. Coquetry users are the most skilful charmers because coquetry instinct is in our brains.
The rats produced major economic losses in history (McCormick., 2003).The R.rattus is very invasive disease causing species and equally effect the man and wildlife (Banks., 2012).Many zoonotic diseases are caused by R.rattus as plague, cowpox etc and usually occur in Eurasia (Michael Begon, 2003) Serious damage can be considered in rice by ratts. It expurgates down developing stalks and devour emerging grain. The replacement round technique is operative. The destruction persistent causes due to effective burrowing, housing, and substitute nourishment (wood et al ., 2003). R. rattus destoryed 5-10% of the growing macadamia (Macadamia integrifolia) nut crop per year Farmers able to stand the damage up to 10% of growing nuts with less financial losses, and able to withstand losses up to 30% if the damage is suffered before 120 days post-anthesis (dpa) (Tobin et al ., 1997) Movements of Norway Rat showed day-to-day movement that was recorded as 65 m. rats caught adjacent to shacks or pits have little shifts in contrast to those taken from periphery of
The plant must spring again from its seed, or it may bear no flower and this is the burthen of the curse of Babel (as cited in Bassnett & Lefevere, 1998, p. 58). Many studies have been conducted on poetry translation so far but very few ones have been non-empirical, Bassnett (2014) believes. Furthermore, she adds that mostly, the searches on the translation and poetry are devoted to investigating the different problems of poetry translation. Many of the studies in this scope are comparisons between two or more translations or personal judgments on solving these problems (Bassnett, 2014). Translating poetry is of high significance due to its challenges.