Because our social mobility has slowed, many ordinary Singaporeans feel it is harder for them to improve their lives and aspire to at least middle-class levels. Social cohesion and harmony is the essential key in holding Singapore together in times of crisis; if our social cohesion is worn thin, our society may fall apart when faced with a crisis. The widening income gap and continued low social mobility will create a stratified class system and leads to social divisions. When the social classes do not mix much, it may in turn lead to greater elitism in society. The ‘haves’ will not understand the ‘have-nots’.
Moreover, budgeting a worldwide voyage to a nation in poverty is not a realistic method for solving my experiment; this is because of my location, and the resources accessible. In other words, I would have to stay local when conducting analysis on the topic. Moreover, Instead of traveling to a third world country, I acknowledged the most similar tactic to gathering this data which was staying here in the United States. Needless to say, this would only give me a jist of what it’s like to live in a community struck with poverty. Furthermore, research would be gathered in a low income neighborhood in America, with high crime rates, low employment, and education opportunities.
Self-help housing in developing countries was introduced as a solution to addressing the issue of rapid urbanisation and informal squatter settlements in urban peripheries, particularly the low income earners. This was done through the different modes of housing production. These housing modes or delivery systems a very briefly a process through which the provision of such housing is achieved, which are outlined by Keivani & Werna (2001). These production systems are achieved through a agency-structure model, where the ‘agencies’ are the stakeholders involve in the housing delivery productions. These stakeholders are the government, financiers, land owners, investors, community sector groups and politicians.
Gentrification tends to have a negative stigma attached to it. This is due to the process by which higher earning people replace lower earning people effectively barring the lower earning people from living in areas they previously were able to afford. The cause of gentrification is linked to various economic and social forces and is not as easy to pinpoint. According to Richard Florida an Urban Theorist, gentrification is caused by “a lack of housing opportunities in desirable areas” (City Lab, 2015) .Therefore, according to this logic those with the money to displace others in areas nearer to desirable housing locations will
could not afford the cost of relocation and new apartment. The urban center become deprived of new social amenities and existing ones lacking in maintenance. 2.5 MIGRATION AND SETTLEMENT DIMENSION TO SPATIAL EXCLUSION To guarantee the likelihood of family units taking up active role in real estate market, Van Kampen (2007) asserted that this likelihood will depend on economic resources (in terms of income and fixed capital resources), intellectual adeptness and education attainment, political awareness and social integration within the society. To have the afforementioned variable within a global city, Fisher (1976) in his book “The Urban Experience” noted that race and ethnicity plays important roles. Sassen (2001) took the same position as Fisher, stating that high heterogeneity ethnical composition of city are most likely
Housing conditions are comprised of the actual physical infrastructure of the house (whether it is sub-par construction or manufactured housing), homeownership and location/overcrowding. The housing conditions directly reflect what Tierney describes as the “affluence” of the populations, which is the ability to have affordable, well-constructed, self-owned homes. Many people at the lower end of the social class strata are living in poorly made/maintain housing, which they rent, in areas that are prone to disaster. Many of these individuals are unable to afford better housing, transportation, or have the ability to evacuate or prepare for a disaster. Similarly, after a disaster, these populations have a much lower resilience due to their social factors.
Old buildings that were constructed in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries usually have fewer floors; they have to be pushed down to build modern skyscrapers to give a higher economic value and marginal benefit to the property development companies as well as the government. Also, more land is required to meet the needs of growing population as more dwellings are required to provide residential, social and cultural facilities. Hong Kong land issue and housing problem are so critical that the government should do a tradeoff, by giving up the heritage preservation to meet the social needs. The heritage preservation projects may not be fully supported by the major public. Conservation of the historical buildings involves a lump sum of taxpayer’s money.
Do we really have to support such large global companies which only pay the absolutely minimum to their workers (cheap labour) at their factories? In this case we have to think about our own consumption. We must take more responsibility towards our environment and especially towards our fellow human beings and our society! In my opinion it is also one of the most important tasks of a social worker to face inequalities. Inequalities between men and women and also between rich and poor
Singapore’s government is working towards a nation to highlight the importance of families in the society, particularly, in the rising of emerging family trends such as the change of family structure, extensive family pressure and the increasing number of families encountering different and complicated issues (Philomin, Laura Elizabeth 2015). These trends might be caused by economic, social and educational factors. Firstly, the emerging of family trend can be caused by the economic factor. For the second year running, Singapore has been crowned as the world’s most expensive city according to a survey conducted by Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) (Williams, Ann 2015). Singapore was also compared to New York in terms of the cost of basic groceries, clothes and transport which appear to be more expensive.