The Importance Of Competency-Based Education

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Competency-based education has gained attention in higher education (Fastré, Klink, Amsing-Smit, & Merriënboer, 2014). It is a model that determines if the student is competent in the ability, skills, or knowledge and is capable to prove it (Leggett, 2015). Competence changes over time, with experience, and with the environment (Gruppen et al., 2016). Several factors influence competence, which are knowledge, attitudes, and judgment (Gruppen et al., 2016). Competency-based education has four components (Gruppen et al., 2016). It focuses on outcomes of learning, stresses abilities, decreases emphasis on placing learning on a time schedule, and promotes student-centered learning (Gruppen et al., 2016). This approach ensures that students do not memorize the information, but they are able to apply the information to real-world experiences (Fastré et al., 2014). Students are evaluated on using knowledge and skills to produce their own work that can relate to real-world experiences (Hawkins et al., 2015; Leggett, 2015). Medical and health professional education has utilized competency-based education (Fan, Wang, Chao, Jane, & Hsu, 2015; Fastré et al., 2014; Gruppen et al., 2016; Grus, Falender, Fouad, & Lavelle, 2016; Fitzgerald et al., 2016; Hawkins et al., 2015; Leggett, 2015; ten Cate, 2015; Touchie & ten Cate, 2016). Its focus is to guarantee that students have the skills necessary to provide high-quality care, which produces a competent healthcare professional (Gruppen et

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