In the most general sense, it usually means encouraging students to use active techniques (experiments, real-world problem solving) to create more knowledge and then to reflect on and talk about what they are doing and how their understanding is changing. The teacher makes sure she understands the students' preexisting conceptions, and guides the activity to address them and then build on them. Dialogic teaching Dialogic teaching harnesses the power of talk to stimulate and extend students’ thinking, and advance their learning and understanding (Alexander 2010). The term ‘dialogic teaching’ is now in regular use but like all such terms means different things to different people. As developed by Robin Alexander since the early 2000s, dialogic teaching harnesses the power of talk to stimulate and extend students’ thinking and advance their learning and understanding.
A recurring line that Cooper emphasizes throughout his work is that schools and teachers must maximize learning for all students. What is the purpose of differentiation if it is not to benefit the students potential for greatness? Cooper uses language for mixed readers, his content is either review for those who have heard this information before, but need a new perspective and those who are learning this material for the first time. He dissects differentiation into digestible parts, and key components. Mainly discussing and evaluating the three basis of differentiation: readiness, interest, and learning
We need to create a philosophy that breaks this one size fits all mold. We know that children have different learning styles, which make different methods of instruction more or less effective for them. We also know that today's new technologies offer the prospect of individualizing education for each child and gearing instruction to the student's particular learning style and most effective means of instruction. We have learned so much about education since today's schools were created. With this new found information we need to use it and create building blocks for our future generations.
In the Educational Leadership article entitle “The Boss of My Brain”, authors Donna Wilson and Marcus Conyers examines the explicit instruction in metacognition. Researchers stated that “explicit instruction in metacognition puts students in charge of their learning.” It was also stated that “meta-cognition supports learning by enabling us to actively think about which cognitive strategies can help achieve learning, how we should apply those strategies, how we can review our progress, and whether we need to adjust our thinking.” I believe this a unique teaching tool for teachers to implement with their students. With the use of metacognition, students whether they are struggling learners or gifted can learn how to use a variety of cognitive strategies to help improve their learning.
In the most general sense, it usually means encouraging students to use active techniques (experiments, real-world problem solving) to create more knowledge and then to reflect on and talk about what they are doing and how their understanding is changing. The teacher makes sure he/she understands the students ' preexisting conceptions, and guides the activity to address them and then build on them. Constructivism has many benefits namely: Children learn more, and enjoy learning more when they are actively involved; students learn how to think and understand and transfer learning; students create organizing principles that they can take with them to other learning settings; it gives students ownership of what they learn, since learning is based on students ' questions and explorations, and often the students have a hand in designing the assessments as well; it engages the students ' initiatives and personal investments in their journals, research reports, physical models, and artistic representations; and it promotes social and communication skills by creating a classroom environment that emphasizes collaboration and exchange of
Building acceptance, in which the teacher checked one solution chosen by each group. Based on the major component of Treffinger and steps from expert, researcher adapted some ideas on how to use Treffinger in learning speaking. a. The first step is setting goals where teacher informs competency to be achieved in learning. In this research, teacher wants to improve students’ speaking skill in asking and giving opinion.
Different theories are appropriate for explaining some learning situations, but not all. So being a teacher, I believe I need to build an ability to apply the learning theories to enhance my classroom learning that involves social, emotional, and participatory factors in addition to cognitive ones. No two individuals are alike, people think differently, act differently and learn in their own unique way, so researchers introduced the terms; visual learners, auditory learners, kinaesthetic learners and we all have our own predominant learning styles. People also have different combinations of intelligences. So deep and lifelong learning happens when the environment is according to the individuals' predominant learning styles, interests and abilities.
My Views about these theories: To start with, I believe that Piaget 's goal is to explain the mechanisms by which the infant, and then the child, develops into an individual who can reason and think using hypotheses. This is because the child is an active learner in his/her development process as the teacher will be acting only as a facilitator. • Piaget believed that children go through 4 universal stages of cognitive development. A child 's cognitive development is about constructing a mental image of the world around them this keep on changing as the child matures. • Furthermore, Piaget also talked about Discovery learning.
Developmentally Appropriate Practice is seen with focused activities, as well as social learning on the child’s own. By incorporating Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s theories into teaching strategies in early childhood classrooms, student learning is likely to increase. While Piaget and Vygotsky 's theories offer insight into Developmentally Appropriate Practice in the classroom, other theorists such as Dewey and Bandura offer even more supporting evidence for DAP. John Dewey was a pragmatist. Pragmatists believe that reality must be experienced, and so forth believed that human beings learn through a
School and teachers can influence the extent and quality of learning for all students. Teacher’s beliefs, practices and attitudes are important for understanding and improving educational processes. They are closely linked to teachers’ strategies for coping with challenges in their daily professional life. Educators have control over numerous factors that influence motivation, achievement and behaviour of students. They are turning around their approach into a focus on creating positive school climate and responsive classroom as part of holistic quality education based on child rights where there is effective teaching and classroom management, thus enhancing students’ learning experiences.