Punishment is an essential part of criminal justice system to impose sentences toward the offenders. Before the discussion, the definition of punishment should be mentioned. Cardozo (2000) stated H. L. A. Hart’s identification of punishment in his book as suggesting that the painful and unpleasant feeling of punishment must be involved and imposed to actual or supposed offenders who violated the law. Moreover, punishment must be governed and imposed by an authority constitution and intentionally administrated by human beings. Although society generally agrees that punishment should be imposed to the people who violated the law, the purpose of punishment is still diverse as different approaches have their own believes in the nature, rationale and justification of punishment.
Keeping aside the pros and cons of corporal punishment, don’t you think that corporal punishment is a direct violation of children’s rights? There is no need to search for the harmful effects in order to say that corporal punishment must be put to an end. Nevertheless, this study presents the short term and long term negative effects of corporal punishment to advocate the point that corporal is not only an ineffective way of disciplining a child but also wrong and damaging. The practice of using corporal punishments as a means to discipline a student has been very prevalent at schools. It has been practised so much that whenever a student gets caught doing something wrong, the first thing that comes to the mind is that he is going to receive thrashing from the teacher.
However it is extremely difficult to judge a punishment’s effectiveness based on its deterrence effect, consequently we must consider other variables that would entail a person to commit a crime. Motivation is a key factor; many criminals are motivated by desires, rage and desperation. It is very possible that criminals are not thinking rationally when committing a crime. In other words, the severity of a punishment is largely irrelevant when criminals are not thinking clearly at the time, the very fact that they committed the crime in the first place is already evident that they never considered the consequences. Therefore, it is untrue that harsher punishments are more
Mohism “became influential when technical intelligence began to challenge traditional priest craft in ancient China” (philosophy.hku.hk). Mohism was a classical philosophy in early Chinese culture that promoted the main principles of universal love, moral conduct, consequentialism, and utilitarianism. It was considered not only a philosophy but a “social and religious movement” (Plato. Stanford) during the warring time period. The founder of Mohism was Mozi, better known to his adherents as “Master Mo.” He was greatly revered and obeyed by his peers and followers for his philosophical insight.
Crime is inevitable in any human society since some violation or the other of any code of court prescribed for the members of a society is bound to occur. Not only is crime inevitable but, paradoxical, as it may sound, some sociologists have gone to the extent of saying that crime, to some extent, helps in promoting social solidarity among people constituting the society. The inevitability and universality of the phenomenon of crime has been described by Emile Durkheim in the following words: “There is no society that is not confronted with the problem of criminality. Its form changes; the act thus characterized are not the same everywhere; but everywhere and always, there have been men who have behaved in such a way as to draw upon themselves penal
The ideology and jurisprudence however has changed over time meeting the needs and existing prominent customs and conditions of the prevalent crime in society. The jurisprudential evolution of crime however can be traced from its history: Concept of crime: For as long as man has been a social animal dependent on others for satisfaction of his own personal needs and formed societies there has been the existence of crimes. There exists a wide array of reasons for the perpetuation of crime and types of crime and the reforms brought to them to meet the changing external conditions. Justice provides the only way to reserve the rights of all individuals and to maintain stability and peaceful cohabitation of the members of society. The reason for the existence of crime is a deviation from the socially accepted norm of behavior which is essential for the peaceful and unhindered progress of society.
Title: Bullying Issues Thesis Statement: Bullies should be punished because it may affect the psychological well being of the victim. Problem: should the bullies be punished? 1.Introduction 1.1. Preventing and avoiding being bullied or bully. 2.
The first step in our discussion is to clarify that means of guanxi. Within the Chinese language, guanxi carries many completely different connotations. Within the most general sense, guanxi merely means that “relationship”. Exchanging favors is “the dominant principle of interaction” among friends and” the mandatory ingredient to take care of friendship” in Chinese guanxi development (Tsui & Farh, 1997). Therefore, our social morality is smart solely in terms of those personal connections (Fei, 1992/1947).
Some contextual factors are “peer cheating behavior, peer disapproval of cheating behavior, and perceived severity of penalties for cheating” (222), according to McCabe, Donald L., Linda Kelbe Treviño, and Kenneth D. Butterfield in “Cheating in Academic Institutions: A Decade of Research.” Among the mentioned factors, peer-related factors achieve the top position in affecting students’ cheating behavior. They concluded that “the strong influence of peers’ behavior may suggest that academic dishonesty not only is learned from observing the behavior of peers, but that peers’ behavior provides a normative support of cheating. The fact that others are cheating may also suggest that, in such climate, the non-cheater feels left at a disadvantage. Thus cheating may come to be viewed as an acceptable way of getting and staying ahead (p.533).” There is a dialectical relationship
But the most fundamental point is that employees must agree with the company's multi-cultural integration of corporate culture, in order to better understand the company's development goals and decision-making methods, and then ensure the stability of the staff, so that the recruitment activities are more effective. It is also noted that in China, employee’s test scores were given prominence and was one of the top criteria assessed in the selection processes. Additionally, an added feature that is measured in the country is the potential employee’s familiarity with the Chinese culture and environment. Contrastingly, the practice of judging an employees familiarity with domestic culture during the selection process is absent in the USA for example.