Partnership means that MI is done ‘for’ and ‘with’ (Miller, & Rollnick, 2002). This means that this practice model is ‘for’ the client to get help and to be successful it has to be done by the counsellor ‘with’ the client. Counsellors cannot do the job alone because clients are the expertise of their own lives and challenges they face (Rollnick, & Allison, 2009). They must collaborate in which the counsellor invite the client to open to him and share his troubles in a way that they see things in the same perspective. Acceptance has four elements, firstly, absolute worth means that the counsellor must see the client worth as a human up to respecting and individualising the client.
One of the key pointer of staying professional, is to welcome employment only for spots for which the career counsellors are licensed given their education, training, qualified credentials, experience with supervision, and most importantly apt professional involvement. (ACA, 2014) It is wrong if the coach takes up the position or help clients when himself or herself does not have the ability to solve the problems of the client. This will misguide the counselee on his or her career and problems might be added on. Career counselling conducted by counsellors has to deliver quality service to client’s primary need without stretching its purpose beyond its intent. The versatility of skills and knowledge expected of the career counsellor in processing with client their career choices requires specialised training and the coaches who possesses personality characteristics that makes this journey more pleasant and motivating.
“Strength Based Practice” is also an initial approach type method used with clients. This is an approach which encourages people to take charge of their lives with the basis of strength. There are various steps involved in achieving this method, such as: building trust with the client, positively encouraging and empowering the client, laying out a set of goals for the client to work towards their needs and desires, identifying their key motivation and using their own knowledge and experiences to continue encouraging positive change in their life. Hammond, W., Ph.D. (2010) I often use this approach with clients who have overcome a trauma or difficult situation in their life. It is that strength and courage they used to seek support which will lead to their success.
Listening is an art, a skill, and a discipline that is considered to be an integral aspect in the success of the therapeutic alliance. Listening is not a passive technique, it is an active process in which the therapist listens to what is said, and how it is said, as well as listening to the whole person and the context of their social setting. Aspects of listening encompass linguistic, paralinguistic, and non-verbal aspects in order to tune in both mentally and visibly. Egan (2014) explains full listening as listening actively, listening accurately, and listening for meaning. According to Egan (2014) listening does not just occur; it requires effort on the part of the counsellor in order to avoid engaging in inadequate listening.
Firstly it helps the counsellor check their understanding of what their clients has said. Listening makes the client feel worthy, appreciated and respected. When a counsellor pays particular attention to what the client is saying they are encouraging the client to continue talking as well as ensuring communication remains open and positive. The techniques that can be used to show active listening are paraphrasing, summarizing and mostly asking questions for clarification In
In addition, respecting the clients ' wishes to talk and explore is the important aspect. As an ethical consideration, nurses must respect the wishes of those patients who refuse to talk (ONMC 2011). Sometimes nurses may not understand why client refused, but always they have a reason based on their belief and experience. Each patient requires respect as a unique human being (Henderson 2001). Accordingly, welcoming the client is extremely imperative.
‘Test tell’ approach is not reflective of the current status of this counselling area, for research has shown that career counselling is not separate from personal counselling. (Whiston, 2005, p.193) The principles and applications of assessment in counselling is understanding of an individual’s values is, as it is the most important element of a decision-making process and values serve as the basis of which life goals are well-known. Counsellors should also be competent in assessment like indentifying problems, assess diverse client information, and assist clients in choice making, validate client strengths and weakness, formal assessments can influence credibility and providing assessment and accountability. Counsellor should also recommend the client if they should do an assessment to get to know their personality, values and skills. Most people, in order to feel truly content with their job must find some personal fundamental value in
I chose to take the person-centered approach in my counseling session. I wanted to let my client take the lead in the discussion, so she would be capable of finding her own solutions. My two primary goals were to increase her self-esteem and openness to the experience. I wanted to convey the three core conditions of empathy, congruence and unconditional positive regard. Before my session began, I wanted to make sure I stayed engaged in listening to my client and trying to feel what she was thinking.
As a future counselor the client is very important to me I must be genuine and open to the client expressing my open feelings, so the client will mirror and express honest and true feelings in return. I must accept the client presently where they are and allow the client to communicate to me of their experiences. The client experiences allow them to verbally express themselves and develop a rational decision towards their present and maybe upcoming issues. The counselor must be an active listener, reflex and repeat the client comment back to them. This technique engages and enforces the empathy of the counselor to the client.
Counselling skills are of utmost importance to counsellors in order to establish a rapport between clients. What is a counselling skill? One application of the word skill refers to areas of skills. For example, listening skills or disclosing skills. Another application refers to level of competence, for instance, how strong our skills are in a particular area.