Crime is difficult to predict, solve and deter. Criminological theory and criminal justice
Each conceals their actions and desires from the outside world, and occasionally even themselves. The theme of internalized darkness is prevalent in all characters within the film, and is a vital contributor to the development of the plot. An early example of internal darkness present in the film is found in the scene “Marion Drives Away.” In this scene, Marion is running away from her hometown of Phoenix, Arizona with 40,000 dollars she has stolen from her position at the bank.
Since the show is based on reality and real police officers it has more of a stance on showing what police officers do and how they actually go about catching bad guys. While the show isn’t entirely accurate or reliable it does give some scene for what the job is like. The TV show does some false ideas that people tend to fall pray too. Idea such that African Americans are more likely to be arrested than white Americans and that all the people arrested end up charged with some kind of crime which isn’t the case. Since the goal of the show is to provide an idea for what cops do, one would think that the depiction of who is arrested and what goes on is accurate to at least some degree.
In the majority of criminal cases, the eyewitness is asked to provide information about what occurred at the crime they saw, and this information is stored in conscious recall, explicit memory. The major problem with recalling from explicit memory is that humans don’t remember every exactly, they remember a general idea of the scene they are reporting. When recalling information, the eye witness can mistake color, shapes, objects, people, and many other aspects. A national litigation and public policy organization called The Innocent Project, works to exonerate innocent convicts who were unjustly convicted due to lack of DNA evidence testing and eyewitness misidentification. They claim that the majority of wrongly convicted people is due to eyewitness
In allocation models there needs to be taken into consideration other aspects of crime, such as behavioral and physical characteristics of communities so that there can be a more appropriate understanding of the crime itself and find ways of how to prevent criminals from doing the crime in lieu of just hoping that there will be an officer nearby that can get to crime scene on time to halt the crime or hoping to discourage criminals by making them believe that police is omnipotent (Kennedy, Caplan & Piza, 2011, pg. 340). Another disadvantage of crime prevention model is that its calculations are based off assumption that crime occurs randomly, which will make the results inaccurate (Fritsch et al., 2009, pg. 35). One of the advantages of the crime prevention allocation model is that it can at least provide police administrators with an idea of where crime is being concentrated, however there is no evidence that concentration of crime will necessarily lead to more crime; it just means that crime will most likely happen there but it might also not happen at that location at all and happen somewhere else (Kennedy, Caplan & Piza, 2011, pg. 341). Another advantage of the crime prevention allocation model is that it has helped paved the road for more precise allocation models such as the Allocation of Patrol Personnel (MAPP) that is being employ by many police departments today (Fritsch et al., 2009, pg. 40). Because policing is a dynamic system I do not think that the crime prevention allocation model can work in a modern city, however I think that it can help supplement other things that police departments are already doing in order to prevent crime, moreover I believe that it is better to use the crime prevention allocation model as an alternative to doing allocation by
There has been extensive research conducted on both estimator and system variables and how they specifically relate to the witnessing of a crime. Estimator variables represent sources of eyewitness error that are beyond the control of the criminal justice system. They typically happen during or following the crime before investigators are able to arrive on the scene. This represents the basic way humans perceive things and remember them and their overall influence can only be estimated. On the other hand, system variables are controlled by people within the criminal justice system when collecting information from eyewitnesses.
If proper steps are not taken an individual can be wrongfully convicted due to cognitive biases, institutional pressures, and normative features of the criminal justice system. For this reason, it is extremely important to take many factors into account when analyzing a case from the moment the individual went in for questioning till the moment the case is closed. Rightful steps must be made so that the presenting cognitive and physical biases do not cloud the judgment of the prosecutors or judges. For this reason, it is imperative that the criminal justice system has a comprehensive understanding of how tunnel vision can affect the system as a whole regarding criminal case
Classifying serial killers can be useful for law enforcement because it helps them to determine common traits shared among different types of killers. When trying to apprehend a killer, once you determine what type they are, you can use
Eyewitness testimonies has contributed tremendously towards law enforcement and crime, helping to place the accused behind bars for the crimes they have committed. Although it has helped to place a huge number of these accused behind bars, eyewitness testimony has been proven to be rather inaccurate and unreliable (Brigham, Maass, Snyder, & Spaulding, 1982). Through the advancement of technology, DNA evidence has proven that some of these individuals have been wrongfully incarcerated. DNA evidence may be an effective measure, but it would only help to solve a minimal number of cases when DNA samples present. At times, DNA evidence might only help to prove that the individual is present at the crime scene.
Jay Wilders played his case well enough that he was not put in prison, but Adnan couldn’t say the same. Adnan must have been one unlucky of a person. It does seem in some parts of the case Adnan did some pretty strange things. Jay’s constant changing of his story should have been taken into consideration a little more though. There is a lot of “what if” or “maybe this happened” on the story that makes a difficult end result of figuring out who actually did the murder.
Having to identify a suspect involved in an active rape crime and fleeing the scene would be challenging. It is many factors that come into play in this scenario. The number of people involved is your first determination. If more than two people are at the scene, you have to figure out if there are two suspects or two victims. How much time I had to view the crime and was it during the day or night to select the correct suspect.
Criminal intelligence could go in great use when it comes to analyzing terrorist attacks. Many of the times, attacks that are terrorist related could go undetected only because of the magnitude of the crime committed. A single school shooting, for example, may seem at first as a crime punishable by
There are many important factors in crime scene investigation, one of those involves serology and observing the blood spatters at a crime scene. Many steps are taken when dealing with blood at a crime scene, some of which are if the substance is actually blood, blood typing, discerning the origin of the blood, the direction of travel of the bloodstain, what weapon would have caused the bloodstain, etc. Serology and dealing with bloodstains can be a very difficult task for criminalists because blood also deals with DNA, what type of blood it is, identifying who the blood belongs to, what caused the bloodstain, and what direction it originated from. To understand serology, it is probably best for one to understand the nature of blood first.