PBL is significant in enhancing critical thinking, creative thinking and teamwork skills of the conventional teaching methods. Problem-based learning (PBL) is one of the constructivist approaches, in which cooperation among students is the key to the success of this learning method. This cooperation will create critical thinking skills in solving a problem so that a decision can be made properly and correctly. According to Smith. S (1997), PBL is also one of the innovations and other new approaches to help overcome from the usage of traditional curriculum in most institutions of higher education.
1. What is critical thinking? Critical thinking is the ability to think clearly and rationally. It is a way of thinking to make reasoned judgements that are logical and where you don 't simply accept all arguments and conclusion you are exposed to but rather have an attitude involving questioning such arguments and conclusions. Critical thinking has been also described as an ability to acknowledge and test previously held assumptions.
Thus, one of the way to develop or enhance the higher order thinking skills among learners, is through assessment. Assessments are now widely administered as means to improve teaching and learning. Specifically, it may also be seen as an everyday, on-going part of teaching and learning in the classroom. Assessing the academic achievement of every student is an essential part in order to develop or enhancing their higher order thinking skills. By conducting assessment, teachers’ therefore could identify necessary adjustment that need to be made in order to ensure students are able to master what has been taught.
Good teachers put in practice critical thinking at every stage of the learning process of application. The key is that the teachers who foster critical thinking foster reflectiveness in learners by asking questions that stimulate thinking essential to the construction of knowledge. According to Beyer(1995) Critical thinking means making clear, reasoned judgments. While in the process of critical thinking, your thought should be reasoned and well thought out and judged. In the same stand of critical thinking experiential Learning as a consolidating process to critical thinking is an undeniably important learning strategy which has currently evoked the assumption that people learn more
As Hornby (1995:10) stated to his works, the word ‘achievement’ means a thing done successfully, especially with effort and skill. Achievement in demonstration method to become effective and efficient can be accomplished by making a good effort in the teaching and learning process. In order to improve skills and abilities, both students and teacher should work together to perform a communicative and creative class. Good efforts such as making well-prepared lesson plan and providing appropriate media and technology for the teaching and learning process can help students to come up ideas and knowledge
Furthermore, make sure that students ' self-belief is enhanced and they must believe that they are able to learn and deal with failures in order to develop their confidence towards learning. Allowing students to enjoy learning by working with others will enhance their sense of competence because cooperation between the students among themselves is a basic aspect of the Reconstructivism philosophy. The most important thing that I must pay attention to is my relationship with the students because when students feel comfortable toward the teacher, they can be engaged easily in the
5. Integrated Curriculum Theory The multidisciplinary integration approach focuses primarily on the disciplines. Teachers who use this approach organize standards from the disciplines around a theme. Through this integration, teachers expect students to understand the connections between the different subject disciplines and their relationship to the real world.Connections to the real world motivated students, and their interests, in turn, shaped instruction. Teachers, impressed by the level of classroom discussion, concluded that integrated curriculum lends itself to higher order thinking skills (Drake & Reid, 2010).
In other words, formative assessment is used to assess students learning. I believe this the most effective way of assessing students because a teacher can modify teaching and learning activities to improve student's achievement in the process of
This can help show teaching confidence and encourage the smooth running of lessons. Moreover, Mento et al. (1999) announced that mind mapping is an intense intellectual apparatus which can be used as a part of an assortment of routes as a result of its capacity to bring out affiliated and non-straight considering. Utilizing mind maps additionally offers teachers some assistance with varying their showing strategies which can probably achieve diverse learners. It was observed to be particularly effective for case educating where students are required to accumulate, decipher and convey extensive amounts of complex data.
Since reflecting is a good teaching approach, is it really effective to the learning of the students in the College of Industrial Education. Background of the Study Reflective teaching or reflective method is like dependent learning it requires the learner to be aware of his/her learning. Study and learning of the students comes from the different approaches, strategies, methods and even principles. Learning is said to be the change in behaviour of the learner or a students. Therefor; reflective teaching approach may help to foster the learning of the students, and reflective teaching approach is not only for the students it also help for the teacher to further improve their teaching.