Sierra Leone belongs to World trade Organisation (WTO),International monetary fund (IMF),United Nations(UN) and World Bank(WB). US :The relations between US and Sierra Leone were established diplomatically after 1961, (when it got independence from Britain).Sierra Leone was home to a number of slaves in 1700 from North America. United States is undoubtedly the largest bilateral donor of Sierra Leone. More importantly it is a single donor to the Special Court for Sierra Leone, that deals with cases of human right violation during the war decade .This court transitioned to a residual court presently. Besides this, President Koroma of Sierra Leone met President Obama in Oval Office on March 28,2013 where they dealt with anti-corruption laws and high profile arrests.
This development of Islam in Africa not just prompted the arrangement of new groups in Africa, yet it likewise reconfigured existing African groups and domains to be founded on Islamic models. Adelabu pointed at the fame and impacts of the Abbasid Dynasty, the second incredible line with the rulers conveying the title of "Caliph" as cultivating serene and prosperous relocation of the between refined Muslims from the Nile Valley to Niger and in addition of the Arab dealers from the desert to Benue. Adelabu's case is by all accounts in accordance with the customary verifiable perspective that the triumph of North Africa by the Islamic Umayyad Caliphate between AD 647–709 viably finished Christianity in Africa for a few centuries. In the sixteenth century, the Ouaddai Empire and the Kingdom of Kano grasped Islam, and later toward the eighteenth century, the Nigeria based Sokoto Caliphate drove by Usman dan Fodio applied significant exertion in spreading
The colonial past and stemmed from it sentiments for “decolonization, development, and disarmament” along with relatively strong economy contributed to the strengthening of the vision of Brazil being “another West”, a leader of so called Third World, leading actor in G-77. In short, the perception of Brazilians that despite much of historical, ethnic, religious similarities with the Western countries they are different from them resulted in that the country pursues substantially different foreign policy strategies than their Western counterparts. Although Lafer’s work is focused on Brazil’s case, the work nevertheless gives valuable insight on how different factors build each respective country’s own perceived identity, which in turn affects its behaviour on international arena. Such authors as Prizel and Telhami with Barnett seem to support Lafer, and also argue that countries’ foreign policies are shaped by those countries’
Although UK has insufficient efforts for finding solution to the conflict, there are historical ties between Cyprus and the UK. There was a British rule between the years of 1878-1960 on the island. Since the independence of the Republic, the UK has been playing a super power role on the island. The UN is an international actor. It has made significant efforts for the solution of the conflict and has had peacekeeping forces in Cyprus since 1964 as a response to the civil war between the communities.
It happened for the past centuries that the inhabitants of Abyei was from Ngok Dinka, Dinka group from South Sudan. Ngok Dinka from South was transferred to North by the 1905 British colonial administration for the protections from barbaric raids. The Messiria, Arab nomadic people and from Sudan also, happened to be inhabitants of Abyei during dry seasons before.
Introduction What motivated me most in writing about this topic is the cultural diversity, sets backs and endurance that is involved in it, not all only by the people in all cultural backgrounds involved but also by the government. Coming from the very cultural diverse, Kenya (although some might argue that it cannot quite be said to be culturally diverse as a quite noticeable number of the population is black. But this is not to say that they are not culturally different. With over 40 different tribes, you can imagine much difference there is, not to mention the large population of Asian descents especially the Indians and Arabs, I was a little surprised to have noticed the much divide that exists when I went to Germany and the Netherlands. By divide I do not mean any kind of hostility but what I mean is a very clear separation.
This implies the vastness of resources that the country has which greatly aids and is essential in the self-supporting, self-sufficing characteristic of a sovereign country. In addition, it is highly diverse ethnically and linguistically. Among the largest ethnic groups are the Dinka, Nuer and Shilluk (BBC News, 2011). Consequently, having diverse people helps in the conjunction and crossing of culture that keeps the thriving of new relations that is again important in visualizing societies. Unlike the predominantly Muslim population of Sudan, the South Sudanese follow traditional religions, while a minority are Christians (BBC News, 2011).
Some ethnic groups feel or are perceived as more superior than others in terms of resorce abundance, employment opportunities, education, and also holding government or leadership positions. This superiority complex leads to communities disagreeing and the scramble for the scarce resources begins. Africa being a third world country and having over a thousand ethnic groups provides for room to build up these conflicts. An important theory on conflict and conflict management is John Burton's (1979, 1997) human needs theory. This approach to ethnic conflict explains that ethnic groups fight because they are denied not only their biological needs, but also psychological needs that relate to growth and development.
From the understanding of the empowerment theory, one can see its positive relevance to South Africa’s decolonization and Africanization process. This can be so in that, a critical analysis on pre 1994 South Africa shows that the Republic was under white colonial rule of the National Party which sort to increase patterns of colonial discrimination of the Black South Africans through the devolution of political structures and the promotion of a putative independence in the African reserves Laura (2012). Race also played a pivotal role during this colonial period. The White rule was characterized by installation of oppression, denial of opportunities and poverty on the black majority based on belief in biological racial difference and hierarchy. This exemplifies the notion of oppression, discrimination and powerlessness suffered by the marginalized individuals and groups in some societies as argued by the empowerment theory.
Building on the above argument, there is too many internationally-produced films in South African cinemas (Oberholzer, 2006); but on the other hand, South Africa prides itself on cultural and ethnic diversity. This raises a number of important questions; is it not the time for South Africa to consider using this diversity to compete against this dominance? Should South African filmmakers not be considering locating their stories within this diversity and tell stories that are reflecting the demographics of the country? I tend to focus on these questions as my central points to buttress my argument to understanding the effectiveness that the indigenous and other local cultural aspects of South Africa can add to the local film industry in competing against the industry that is predominantly modelled on templates of international filmmaking.