The Importance Of Deontological Ethics

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Doctors have always been crucial to well-being of society. Although they did not have the technology advancements in the past, they always attempted to save the patient’s life in the best and briefest way possible. In order to become a doctor, students are required to study four years at a college or university to acquire a Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree. Afterwards, it is mandatory for students to attend a medical school certified by the Liaison Committee on Medical Education for four years in order to receive a Doctor of Medicine degree. Lastly, doctors must enter a program called the residency program (“Requirements for becoming a physician”). As in any other career field, doctors usually face ethical dilemmas in a daily…show more content…
Deontology is Deon on Greek, which means duty. Kant’s theory does not focus on the consequences of the action, it only focuses if the action is right or wrong. There are two types of obligations. There are actions that we should not perform towards anyone, for example, we should not lie nor kill. The other obligations are on a more personal level and vary on every person. People have to act accordingly to their obligations regardless of the positive or negative outcome of their actions. According to deontologists, it is wrong to kill, to steal, to lie, and it is right to keep promises and to help people. One should not lie about anything even though that lie could save a lot of lives. In addition, one should not perform a prohibited action even though it could bring uncountable benefits to society (Kant’s Deontological ethics). Deontology is the opposite of consequentialism. Deontology only focuses on an action that is right or wrong without regarding the consequences On the other hand, consequentialism consists on having the most positive outcome on every situation. (“Deontological Ethics”). The patient and doctor relationship should be based around trust and honesty. Every patient should tell the truth when they are asked about if they have changed their lifestyle and how they have progressed with medicine. In the same way, the doctor must be honest and explain the results of every diagnosis that the patient goes through. The relationship must be cooperative from both ends in order to reach the most positive outcome possible. No doctor should lie about a patient’s health in order to motivate them or prevent the patient from entering depression. One of the principles of the Kant’s theory is to do the right without regarding any possible outcome. Furthermore, lying is highly disallowed in this theory

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