The Importance Of Depletion Of Natural Resources

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Depletion of natural resources is one of the global environmental problems of mankind. Natural resources are objects and phenomena of nature that are used to meet the material, scientific or cultural needs of society. The economic growth and well-being of many countries depend to a large extent on the level of development of the oil industry. It is obvious that fossil fuels like oil are non-renewable resources of our world, and its depletion is a big problem for environment as well as its inhabitants. People use huge amount of oil for their everyday needs, so that is why year by year this resource becomes exhausted. The population should think about how to deal with the issue of oil depletion by reinventing alternative energy sources. In this…show more content…
The global demand for renewable energy sources is constantly growing. Almost all developed countries now are developing and implementing programs, which are related to alternative energy. Furthermore, today the usage of renewable energy has become an important and obligatory direction for the development of the energy sector of the future. Moreover, Kazakhstan in this regard has all the necessary resources. Given the electricity deficit in the country, especially in the southern regions, the wider use of alternative sources becomes particularly important. Most countries all over the world almost depends on fossil fuels like oil, coal and gas. Unconventional sources of energy can be the energy of the sun, wind, ocean tides, and the warmth of the earth's depths. Its attractiveness is caused by inexhaustible resources, independence from the conjuncture of prices in the world energy markets and, importantly, ecological purity. The greatest advantage of this solution is that using renewable energy is ecologically clean and it will not have harmful effects to the nature. It might have low greenhouse production. For example, while extracting fossil fuels, the air and water pollution can have bad influence to the world’s population, which might lead to problems with breathing, cancer, even to heart attacks. “Wind and solar energy require essentially no water to operate and thus do not pollute water resources or strain supply by competing with agriculture, drinking water systems, or other important water needs.” (Benefits of Renewable Energy Use, 2013, para 10) Another benefit is that they are renewable, which means they do not deplete and will not run out. In addition, these sources are free for using. The greatest disadvantage is dependence from climatic changes, and the speed of this energy depends also on it. Another disadvantage is cost of equipment that we need to use

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