Writing a research article is an integral activity. Special forms of academic writing are the central part of every Thing . Students need to gain fluency in writing an English to develop their learning . So one of the most significant element in writing that learners must employ is stance (Hyland 2013). Learners should be able to understand and describe the factors of stance marking.
Common Mistakes to Avoid in TOEFL Writing TOEFL writing is the most challenging section for many students. This is where candidates lack and are not able score high in the TOEFL writing. In this article, the experts of LinguaSoft EduTech, have given a list of common mistakes that students make in the TOEFL writing task. We will also be telling how you can improve your writing skills for the TOEFL test. Copying the Text:- The essay writing section of the TOEFL is an “integrated task”, which means it not only test the writing skills but also listening and reading skills.
In order to ensure that students successfully master the writing skills, teachers need to employ methods and approaches which produce positive outcomes in the students learning. Teachers are sometimes out of idea on how to teach writing to the students interestingly. They do not implement the latest approaches or methods that are used nowadays to attract the students’ attention in writing. Many students find it difficult to do the intense and active thinking that is needed for a proper writing convention. It is frightening for them to sit down before a blank sheet of paper or computer screen and know that an hour later, nothing is written on it.
When instructor behavior does not align itself with expectations, or when the learning objects do not function in a practical way, inconsistency in learning occurs. A good example of that would be when the function and form of interactive quizzes can differ from unit to unit which results in failure to persist and frustration. This is useful to the current study because MP can be quite challenging. Most students, if not all, struggle to achieve a perfect score in the test. Of course, results differ from different assignments for each student and low grades should not discourage them from answering MP.
Lack of Reading strategies Lack of reading strategies is one of the students' main weaknesses. They rarely use clues seem on the text like pictures, titles , subtitles ... etc. Whenever they asked to read they start reading the text from the first word up to the last word neglecting any clues that might appear in the text. This could be due to the lack of training and practice on using reading comprehension
Instruction should be based upon the laws of organization: proximity, closure, similarity, and simplicity. (Kearsley, 2003, p.25) Gestalt theory is interrelated with directed reading thinking activity as students construct knowledge based on prior knowledge. It depends on learner’s past and current experiences and perceptions to acquire new information. This particular study on using DRTA is based on the above learning theories. Learning through DRTA strategy is based on the schema and cognitive theory because our previous knowledge is important to comprehend the text.
Reasons of why PPP does not fit the requirements of CLT 3.1. The time spent on each stage of PPP is not applied in accordance with CLT goals. In theory, Production is the main stage in which students are given more time to produce what they have learned through communicative goals of the lesson. However, in practice, teachers spend more time in Practice stage. To illustrate, students have their own ways or techniques to attain or adopt the new information, therefore, they may get bored spending much time in Presentation.
Basic language refers to the knowledge of the students to read and write. This skill is needed to develop first before they can perform higher language function. Reading stories and doing writing exercises can improve students’ communication skills. Furthermore, it highlights the functionality of learning language. This includes the ability to tell story through written form which entails the proper structure and syntax.
They are still have difficulties in learning English language especially in tenses. They lost their understanding about tenses although they had been taught before, probably this happened because of the weakness of the students’ memory. And the problem that students often encounter when learning English is the inability to construct word by word into a sentence. In this case, students are confused and incorrect in using verbs and tenses. Besides that, they feel bored with the same technique to memorize all grammar rules and exceptions in English.