In the U.S. the newspaper industry would consider the codes of the PCC to be a form of "prior restraint," which has been struck down almost every single occurrence in a court of law. Essentially, no one can tell the press what it can and cannot print. It essentially has the freedom to invade the privacy of whomever it wishes, whenever it wishes, and in any manner it wishes. Since there is no regulatory body in the U.S., the press has relied on court cases to set for itself its own check system based on libel and defamation cases. Rather than rely on a separate governing body to come up with a code for them, every newspaper in the nation has its own set of standards, and relies on the nationally accepted list of offenses even Supreme Court judges use for libel cases, centering on actual malice, knowledge by the reporter that the information was or probably was false, whether or not actual harm was done to the individual or individuals in question,
Nowadays, people can get news in many ways. Some people use social media when others use traditional media. Social media are computer-mediated tools that allow people to create, share or exchange information in virtual communities and networks, such as Facebook, Twitter and so on. Traditional media, as another way to get news, has been used for many years before social media appears. For example, newspaper, television, radio and magazines are some traditional media we often use.
Every text is an intertext in another text. Therefore, intertextuality can be regarded as “the most important tool” of deconstructing the dialogic role connecting the text with its author. Through intertextuality, “creativity and productivity are transferred to the text” and the authorial subjectivity and power over the narrative decline (Pfister 212). Thus, intertextuality has accentuated its usefulness and significance in challenging the “author-text relationship” and replacing it with “one between reader and text” (Hutcheon, Poetics 126). In brief, intertextuality assumes that any text derives its meaning and significance from the prior texts and discourses
INTRODUCTION Media industry continues to grow rapidly as the revolution in information and communication technology (ICT) and many new branches in the world, especially in the way of delivering the news spread. In addition to conventional methods of delivery of newspapers, magazines, leaflets, radio and television, now comes a new arena for the world of media and journalistic social media. Through social media, the latest news is conveyed so much so that a variety of information has been misused and misappropriated the news is released from improper sources. So, people began to doubt the validity or reliability of the elements of a story when it is produced from dubious sources or otherwise not appropriate. The accuracy of any news or items