Since we are very much aware about benefits of using SDLC methodology, we also need to understand the risks any project carries while using this methodology. IT Project Risk Management is an important component of a Project Management.
3. They must have the creative skill to view the problems from all view points and also be able to suggest a appropriate alternative solution. 4. They must be able to accept the challenges related to moral problems while giving moral judgments which may cause problems i.e. they have to understand the difficulties in making moral
It is for this reason that, it is not only important to know the risks but to find solution for each possible (most probable) scenario to cater any chances of failure. For simplification the project risk processes can be divided into following two constituents or
They help to: Create awareness of hazards and risks. Identify who may be at risk (employees, cleaners, visitors, contractors, the public, etc). Determine if existing control measures are adequate or if more should be done. Prevent injuries or illnesses when done at the design or planning stage. Prioritize hazards and control measures.
Zones that have potential for hazards such as volcanos are categorized in one of three zones: high, intermediate or low hazard. When planning for new land use probability assessments must be conducted to determine if the land is at significant risk from associated hazards. Although there was land use planning being conducted in Montserrat, all of the changes had not been put into practice. Areas had been appropriately zoned starting in the summer of 1997, and evacuation plans were in place (these worked during the disaster). However, plans for new housing and fixing the existing volcanic observatory had not happened at the time of the disaster.
However, it is still important to have an emergency plan that works for the cases that they are needed. The purpose of an emergency plan is to provide organizational structure and to ensure the safe and efficient handling of an emergency situation. It also assigns roles and responsibilities for the implementation of the plan. An emergency plan must put many
Similarly the author advocates for a realistic centralization that considerate to reveal the complexity of the structure in its different levels. Additionally, the terminology must describe the relevancy of the theory if applied in different scenarios. The concepts should be operational which means that they should resemble to observable facts. It is important to mention that communication and loyalty are important factors that should be comprised ion the definition of administrative theory. This concepts influence the decision-making of the organization when coordinating the coordination of departments.
A study review of literature has revealed that the development of disaster risk management strategies ought to be undertaken before the event strikes. Moreover, disaster management requires effective community-based strategies which will include programmes and measures to prevent, prepare, mitigate and recover from the impacts of disasters (Ngcamu 2011:
Scholars enlightened significances of informal stakeholders’ involvement, especially local community and civil society organization in spatial planning and disaster management. First, community involvement would shape clear power and responsibility between government and local community (Paton & Johnston, 2001). It is essential to avoid overlapping of responsibility and strengthen the partnership of community and governments. Second, participation might accommodate community knowledge and best practice responds during disaster mitigation process (Cadag & Gaillard, 2012). The micro level knowledge will be the decent support for policymakers to carry solutions closer to impacted people.
Ministry of Home Affairs, 2011 Define Disaster as “Catastrophic situation in which the normal pattern of life or ecosystem has been disrupted and extra-ordinary emergency interventions are required to save and preserve lives and or the environment” The Disaster Management Act 2005, Defines disaster as “a catastrophe, mishap, calamity or grave occurrence in any area, arising from natural or man-made causes or by accident or negligence which result in substantial loss of life or human sufferings or damage to, and destruction of, property or damage to, or degradation of environment and is of such a nature or magnitude as to be beyond the coping capacity of the community of an affected area” It also Define the “Disaster Management” means a continuous and integrated process of planning, organisation, coordinating, and implementing measures which are necessary for – a. Prevention of danger or threat of any disaster b. Mitigation or reduction of risk of any disaster c. Capacity