The Importance Of Economic Anthropology

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People all around the world are different and so are their economical decisions and economical mindset that differs because of economical system they live in. To understand better people and their different lifestyles which differs according to place and surrounding society, anthropology is a science that helps to analyze society in different time frames. Mostly fieldworks are done by analyzing exotic and non-Western communities in long period of time. Anthropology is widely used, for example, to study indigenous communities in America and living cultures in Africa. Because of anthropology varies in different time frames and different communities, this science has developed in wide range of fields like culture, politics and economic, relying…show more content…
Anthropology as science have developed in 19th century in Western culture. Anthropology is divided into four main groups: physical anthropology, cultural anthropology, anthropological linguistics and archaeology. These four subfields show how wide anthropology analyses fields and the main factors that are crucial to better understand society, for instance – time frames such as prehistory and history, human behavior, human biological adaption to evolutions and usage of language. As a consequence of outspread subfields, anthropology use holistic approach, meaning that behavior in one domain is related to several others. That’s why for anthropologists it is important to research importance of representations and actions of human in society. It is easier if fieldwork includes living cultures where anthropologist need to be included into researched community to achieve trust and to get more personally engaged with people. Overall the key to studies is systematic studies that is called ethnography and means that subject under consideration is a single society. Ethnography shows the value of participant observations technique. Ethnographer need to become insider in community, so the representatives become used to the person and can act freely. Mechanisms to achieve this, ethnographers use interviews, conversations and direct…show more content…
Economic anthropology as science has been developed after Second World war in 1950’s and 1960’s and by definitions includes studies of economic institutions and behavior in anthropological places and in ethnographic style. The main character of economic anthropology is embeddedness which shows that economic activity is often explained relative to the social or political constraints of the social system. That means that noneconomic parameters, such as social, religious and political, play a crucial role to better understand economic behavior and they can’t be ignored also if study object is Western society. These parameters give meaning to economic behavior and without them “purely economic” would be meaningless and wouldn’t explain society in anthropological way. But in spite of how good it looks on paper that economic anthropology can be used to study exotic and Western societies after similar guidelines, in reality there are challenges that need to be faced. There can be found aspects, for instance, kinship, that doesn’t play crucial role in Western society as it does in exotic, non-Wester societies. For anthropologist, it is important to see the difference between economic behavior that is developed of, for example, economic productions or

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