Thus, the ability in speaking skill is a crucial and important part of second language learning and teaching process. The mastery of speaking skill in the English language is a priority for many second language or foreign language students. Even though periods of focusing on language form and enhance vocabulary are important in English language learning, but developing the students’ ability to really communicate with English in the classroom are the main goal of an English language teaching. At the end of the study, the students should be able to communicate effectively in English for study, work, and leisure outside the classroom. Therefore, it is essential that English teachers pay great attention in teaching speaking to the students.
Thus, the ability in speaking skill is a crucial and important part of second language learning and teaching process. The mastery of speaking skill in the English language is a priority for many second language or foreign language students. Even though periods of focusing on language form and enhance vocabulary are important in English language learning, but developing the students’ ability to really communicate with English class are the main goal of an English language teaching. At the end of the study, the students should be able to communicate effectively in English for study, work, and leisure outside the classroom. Therefore, it is essential that English teachers pay great attention in teaching speaking to the students.
When we speak of Language Development, we speak of the process by which children come to understand and communicate language during early childhood. 1.3 Factors That Affect the Development of Language: As we know Language development is a process, a process in which children learn and understand how to communicate. Every process has factors that influence it. With regards to language development there are many factors that can either affect or influence the language development of a young child. I will discuss only eleven factors: •
Language plays an important role in communication, understanding of a person’s own/other cultures and acquisition of knowledge in different fields (Icelandic National curriculum). English has gained status as a global language based on the fact that it is linked to international sports, politics, technology, science, etc. hence, to the idea that the English language learner has a chance of economic advancement (Larsen-Freeman & Andersen, 2013). However, learning a language is not an easy task. According to McLaughlin (1992), learning a second language takes longer, it is hard and complex, for both children and adults.
Yes, that 's right, one billion people trying to learn English. This is because English has become the most important language in the world. 1.5 billion people already speak the language in addition to the 1 billion that are learning it.’’ The English language is one of the most widely spoken languages in the world. Nowadays, English becomes more and more popular all over the world. Learning English actually brings many benefits for people.
Sometime after one year (it varies from child to child and has nothing to do with how intelligent the child is), children begin to use just one word to express the whole idea of a sentence contains more than five words. After the age of one, children recognize that there is a link between sounds and meaning. During this stage they utter single units such as "milk" or "cat". Therefore, many of these units are used in the sense to name objects and to convey messages that the children aren't able to express at this stage. They may use words in ways that are too limited or too wide.
English drives growth and international development. For developing and emerging economies, there is enormous demand English to provide more opportunities boost stability, employability and prosperity. Many parents assume their children need to learn English because the world-wide market value of English continues to rise, even skills of the child need to over their peers and then a important means improving their life and individual’s prospects. So Emerging economies and developing countries increasingly recognize they need more Talents able to communicate in English and can be competition with the other
English has got the status of international language for various reasons. It has crossed the national borders of English speaking countries and reached people who speak other languages. In that sense, we can say that English is no longer a unique posseion of the British or American people, but a language that belongs to world’s people. Almost all the international organizations held their meetings in English and it reveals its importance in maintaining international relations and communication. Hence, it can be also called as the language of diplomacy and international politics.
(Richards, 2008, p.19) For many teachers, teaching speaking is so important. Burns and Goh (2012, p. 1-2) claim that teachers do much efforts to help their students develop their speaking abilities. For them speaking skill is important because of three main reasons. First, all language learners should be able to communicate well with the foreign language speakers. Second, many students are good in reading and writing, but they have poor speaking and listening abilities.
Literature review English language teaching as a second or foreign language becomes widespread and it is challenging to find a country that has not been affected by its sweep and does not teach or use English including the Arabian and Islamic countries. The widespread of English strengthens the idea that English has an imperialistic and hegemonic role, which in turn has a number of consequences. However, it is logical to assume that English and its teaching are not isolated from its culture. According to Buttjes & Byram (1991), language is an integral part of a culture, which affects the other elements of the culture. Therefore, according to the strong relationship between language and culture, Kramsch (1993), argues that teaching a language means teaching the culture associated with that language.