There was a great demand for dictionaries because English was the first language in the country, and the English was taught in the schools. Grammarians at that time got busy with something else. They were busy with the teaching and the teaching methods and there was conflicts between them about the best teaching methods. Grammarians couldn’t meet the demands of the public . That’s why the lexicographers took the role to start writing dictionaries.
Introduction Underprivileged and underachieving students are a large challenge in schools. Teachers have a challenge in dealing with students who are not interested in learning. This is because their work is to know how students should achieve good grades to their potential. The real problem arises from teachers starts developing negative attitudes towards these students. Underprivileged students have no access to resources like reading materials, lack of uniforms, lack of enough food and this may lead to uncompleted homework or assignments.
Therefore, speaking is a very important skill to get to the carrier and education. (Ridyani: 2009) The Indonesian government supports the subjects taught in English from the start of primary school, although students learn English at school with quite a long time, many of them still have many problems in speaking. In fact, the students difficult to speak actively in English classrooms, they tend to be passive and just be passive speakers. This may be caused by psychological factors, such as the fear of making mistakes, shame, and low motivation. Unfornutely,
Besides, they must read in English widely to increase their vocabulary and grammar. Whether they enjoy reading the news online or they prefer books, there's a huge variety of English reading material on offer. Reading in English will expand one’s vocabulary as well as informing them about the culture of English-speaking countries. Other than that, Applegate and Applegate’s (2004) study reminds us that we cannot assume all teacher candidates and in-service teachers to be avid readers in English. Reading remained largely intensive to them due to the heavy curriculum, which does not allow them adequate time for leisure reading especially in English.
Abstract This study is an attempt to investigate the impact of M.A English students’ ability to process some aspects of connected speech on their overall ability to understand naturally spoken English. The main concern is to evaluate the students’ performance in listening to the weak forms of grammatical words. Classroom observation will reveal that students seem to have problems in perceiving them as a result of the language teachers’ focus in teaching such forms on the productive level rather than on the perceptive one. Furthermore, these forms are seldom used in the speech of teachers and the students lack awareness and training. Through a listening test, we will try to depict the comprehension level of students regarding these forms and
As the 10 ASEAN countries are transforming into the ASEAN Economic Community, English has been chosen as the lingua Franca because of its international dominance. Many countries such as Singapore, Philippines, which have chosen English as the second language, both develop strongly. So,recently, the Ministry of Education & Training is considering English as the second language in Vietnam. However, they are also facing with a question: Should English be the second language in Vietnam? Although the English language is growing increasingly more dominant and spreading all over the world, it is strongly impracticable that English become the second language in Vietnam since it results in deeply influenced original culture in Vietnam, the obvious imbalance incompetence among residents and the practical difficulties in the completion of the Vietnamese education system.
Most students are afraid to try to speak in a foreign language they learn because they are avoiding negative evaluations and do not want to be laugh at by their peers in case if they make mistakes. Relating to the condition in IIUM, it is no doubt that students insecurities with their peers stop them from conversing in English. The thought that making mistakes is somewhat embarrassing is the one factor that totally affect student’s
Idealistically, the four basic skills are the most essential parts of every language learning curriculum. However, in practical terms, the very objective of inculcating these skills remain ignored in the flow of teaching of other literary contents. In the ESL class, teachers concentrate more on the syllabi contents which as being the key components to be asked in the written exams which mostly cover up the written English practice. Teaching of English through such exam oriented practice certainly affects on the interest of both the teacher and the learner. Teaching English in India has witnessed several methodologies, pedagogies and practices directing to the development of communicative competence.
The English language teachers face many difficulties in maintaining the status-quo. Some time the English medium students get bored when the teacher tries to explain the basics of grammar for the betterment of Non- English medium students, the teacher fails while assuming that all the students knows the basics. Since the students do not prefer English to converse with others they lack the vocabulary and speaking
As opening of universities and schools was very rapid in India the demand of its emerged along with it which enabled some of outcast society member to come forward to learn English. Now English was not confined to only few private schools and colleges but the standard of English always remained an area of concern for all. The government took the precautionary measures by appointing commissions to develop the standard of English in schools and colleges. The Secondary Education Commission highlighted the same in a similar tone when Commission reaffirmed the importance of English language for example, University Education Commission mentioned that learning of English must continue because it a language which is rich in literature- humanistic,