This lead to black codes which were laws passed by southern states in 1865 and 1866 in the United States after the American civil war with the intent and the effect of restricting African Americans’ freedom ,and of compelling them to work in the labor economy based on low wages or debts.On February 3, 1870 the 15th Amendment granted African Americans the right to vote. Blacks were scared of the Ku Klux Klan, which used violence, such as lynchings to scare African Americans from voting. This was a hate group in the southern U.S. who was active for several years after the civil war, which aimed to suppress the newly acquired rights of black people and to oppose carpetbaggers from the North, and which was responsible for many lawless and violent
For instance, Jefferson banished a white lad who sired a black baby to leave the state of Virginia lest she is placed out of the protection laws. This further affirms how difficult it was to overcome slavery in Virginia. Additionally, Southern Virginia had slave pricing and proceeds from such sales higher than those of stable food which further hindered any attempt for freedom . People with land tracts of farmlands in the southern Carolina and Georgia posit that ending slavery would adversely affect their farm proceeds
To begin with, the whites seemed to violate the 14th Amendment which ensured equal protection under the law for all citizens. Going back to about 1892, Homer Plessy’s case made it through the Louisiana court system, but of course Louisiana tried to get around it, “The state of Louisiana argued that the 14th Amendment only applied to nationwide laws, not state-specific laws”(Source 1, par.2). In view of Plessy, it was unfair to have a law that was unconstitutional above their heads and have no say in the aftermath due to the color of your skin. Despite the court, Plessy kept pushing to find someone who would hear them out and see the case from their side. With Plessy’s case, making it to the Supreme Court, Louisiana defended itself by saying the whites-only and blacks-only train cars had the same quality, “Looking at it that way, the segregated-train mandate did not violate the 14th Amendment’s equal protection requirement.
Black Americans were banned from white businesses and were forced to attend separate schools. This system of segregation would continue for nearly 100 years. 2. Why did Frederick Douglass believe that the South was the best place for African Americans? Frederick Douglass believed that the south was the best place for African
The end of slavery saw the rise of the Black Codes in the South. The Black Codes sought to limit the freedom and employ African Americans for low wage labor. It was slavery with a different name. Johnson failed to put an end to the Black Codes and anything that aided the African simply because he had the same views as those who passed the codes. After all, Johnson was once a slaveholder himself.
Jim Crow laws were the many state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the United States between the late 1870s and 1964. These segregation laws were enacted primarily by Democrats, many of whom were supporters of White supremacism both before and after the American Civil War. Jim Crow laws were more than just laws — they negatively shaped the lives of many African-Americans. After the Civil War and the outlaw of slavery, the Republican government tried to rebuild relations with African-Americans during the Reconstruction Era. They did so by passing laws that helped protect those who used to be slaves, also known as “freedmen”, as well as to those who were already free before the war in the South.
Another tie between these laws and the book is that Tom Robinson broke one of these laws. One law states that a black person should never imply that a white person is lying, well the trial is about how Tom Robinson is stating that Mayella is lying about him raping her. These laws show how horrible the black people were treated and this inspired Harper Lee to write To Kill a
“Beginning in the late 1870s, Southern state lawmakers passed laws that required Whites and Blacks to attend separate schools and to sit in different areas on public transportation.” (“Jim Crow Laws” 1). People thought these laws were needed because “The Jim Crow system was undergirded by the following beliefs or rationalizations: whites were superior to blacks in all important ways, including but not limited to intelligence, morality, and civilized behavior; sexual relations between blacks and whites would produce a mongrel race which would destroy America;” (“
Many northerners saw these codes as blatant attempts to restore slavery.” ( The Southern “Black Codes”). With laws, such as not being able to preach without permission from the prison, limited what “freedom” they had gained. The Black Codes made it extremely hard for freed slaves to make a life for themselves, they could not be homeless or jobless. Ultimately, the main goal was to incarcerate as many freed slaves as possible, in order to exploit them for free work and regain power over them, much like the current prison system. The black codes were only in effect from 1865 up until 1866.
In 1862, President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation which freed slaves from confederate states. “...On the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves within any State or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free.” The bold action of Lincoln lead to other attempts at equalizing black people with white people but one does have to question the motives of many white Anti-slavery advocates. White people had been the majority in American society during this time and never had to worry about discrimination or slavery so why were they fighting so hard for and with slaves? The white people of America never act unless they have something in it for themselves. By abolishing slavery, white anti-slavery movement supporters gained the benefits of not having to deal the major disconnect between the country, ______,