When addressing an ethical dilemma, having the ability to identify possible outcomes to address it is essential for change. The ethical dilemma I face at my field placement is confidentiality versus the right to self-determination. One possible option I mentioned previously to address the ethical dilemma was for clients to sign a privacy and confidentiality agreement that outlines what is considered mandated reporting. I believe the possible outcome for this option would help improve the client’s confidence with the agency and the clinician but also build rapport and trust. It would result in less missed appointments, assist with client involvement, and help the client feel supported while in crisis.
If one does not have the needed training or resource for the type of career concern presented, it is the responsibility of the career counsellor to refer the client to someone who is competent of doing so. (Ncda.org, 2015) The American Counseling Association also emphasizes the significance of respecting the client 's culture and beliefs and not imposing a value system on the client. Counsellors also must properly educate clients on the assessment procedure in a clear and understanding manner. In an event for where there is a langague barrier, between the client and the counsellor it is the responsibility of the counselor to provide a translator for their
Within this essay, I will be describing how the helping relationship is initiated by covering ethical concerns, boundaries of the relationships, equal opportunities and confidentiality. I will also be explaining how relationship is developed. In counselling, the client and the counsellor both work together in order to help the client. When entering into a counselling relationship, it is vital that the counsellor opens him or herself into an empathic experience, of the hopes, fears and doubts of the client. The counsellor also brings to the service, an empathic, non judgemental understanding and a professional approach to the service.
The dilemma lies in how the social work practitioner would respect the patient’s autonomy and determining whether the patient is competent. Furthermore, the social work practitioner is responsible for assessing whether the patient understands the consequences of his or her behaviours. Because, often than not, there are different risks associated with the patient’s refusal to medical treatment and services. Thus, in such cases, social workers would face the ethical dilemma of deciding whether to protect or limit the right of how the patient should live his or her life. The second ethical dilemma is that social work practitioners and their clients have different personal values.
• Autonomy is defined as the freedom from external control or influence; independence. Ethically, it is the counselor's position to promote independent thinking and problem solving when appropriate. As a mental health counselor, one must promote self-determination so a client can take what they learned in session and apply those practices outside of the session. This is imperative when working with multicultural clients because the sessions should be based on the client's beliefs and personal courses of action to be able to obtain the independence needed for establishing self-direction. • Nonmaleficence is defined as avoiding doing harm to a client to reach a specific outcome.
When a therapist intervenes in a way that is intended to promote the welfare of their patient, it falls into the moral and ethical principles of “Beneficence and Non-maleficence” (APA, 2002). Before making the decision to cross a boundary a therapist must keep in mind whether such an action will “benefit, interfere or affect the therapeutic process in any way” (Zur, 2011). Especially for those that work out of their homes, they must keep in mind that their own personal dwelling may disclose more than they might think, including their family dynamics, their financial stature, and their personal tastes or inclinations (Zur, 2011). In making this assessment a therapist should consider the “client 's presenting problem, history, gender, culture, age, sexual orientation, mental ability” (Zur, 2011). A therapist’s willingness and extent of self-disclosure is influenced in part by their very own “culture, gender, and personality” (Zur, 2011).
By recognizing that each person is different from the others, regardless of their age, socioeconomic and life experiences, rather than going by the heuristic view, would broaden the human services professions perspectives. Self-determination is another useful factor that human Services professional may promote and be supportive of. The ability for clients to make their own choices and finding solutions to their own problems would help to build up their self-esteem. Also, it would help them to become more confident in their decisions pertaining to their life. After all, the main human services professionals goal is it provide assisting with individual’s needs, so the individuals would become functional to the point, that they are able to help themselves.
When we define ethics we know that they are a set of moral principals that guide a person’s behavior. It is the norm for conduct that differentiates acceptable from unacceptable behavior and distinguishes right from wrong. Ethics are different from laws as they are a broader concept. Laws tend to enforce ethical behavior in society. It is imperative to cohere to ethical norms in psychological research for various reasons and as a volunteer I would expect the psychologist to do the same.
The therapist will endeavor to construct a certain measure of affinity with their client, yet not to a degree that would permit them to end up involving too much. Counselors need to be sympathetic, viewing things from the customer's perspective, instead of thoughtful (feeling pity about their clients). Empathy can help the counselor to ask suitable query and lead the client to positive conclusions. In order to provide an ethical therapy session for a client, counselors and therapist must be well-equipped before with counseling skills as well as other necessary skills to conduct and carry out a therapy session with a client. “Effective listening.....is not something that just happens.
Participants must be anonymous throughout the study which is a stronger guarantee to privacy. HOW TO MAINTAIN THE ETHICAL PRINCIPLE DURING NURSING RESEARCH Ethical principles are rules and guidelines to be followed while conducting research. The nurse can maintain the principles by first of all knowing and understanding the principle which are: • Principle of Beneficence – means to do good and this can be maintained by do things in client’s favor. • Principle of Non-maleficence – means to do no harm and this can be maintained by protecting and preventing the client from harm. • Principle for Respect and human dignity- this respect is maintained when the nurse takes time to explain the procedure to client and seek the consent before carrying out anything, without any form of coercion • Respect for Autonomy- by giving the client that capacity to think, decide and act on the basis of such thought and decision freely and independently without be cajoled or coaxed • Confidentiality and Privacy- this means right of secrecy.