When the privacy of the genetic information is not well preserved, the leak of information to people who have no rights to know may lead to the discrimination from the society to people with certain diseases. Discrimination can also occur when it comes to marriage; people who are certain to suffer from a disease, especially the hereditary ones, may have troubles in deciding whether or not to get married. This will also lead to the consideration of having offspring, as hereditary diseases are inherited from the parents to their offspring. Lastly, people who know the disease they have or will likely have may have anxiety, anger issue, as well as depression throughout their
Determining the recurrence risks in genetic counselling is very important. Risk of being affected by a particular genetic disorder is based on the genetic nature of the disorder and the pedigree of the particular family being counselled. The family member being counselled is usually a relative of the proband. Risks for single gene disorders can be estimated by using basic Mendelian principles, while the risk calculation might be complicated in disorders with decreased penetrance, variability of expression or in diseases caused frequently by new mutations. Bayesian analysis can be used in these cases to analyse information about the particular family being counselled and determine the increase or decrease in previous mendelian risk.
This problem is closely related to moral status of fetus, ethical issue about the value of life and problem of what kind of condition should be tested for. Moral status of fetus and abortions In all prenatal diagnostic tests, there is an assumption that there may be
• The Caregiver/alleged abuser may be a friend and co-worker. • Caregivers may be afraid that reporting will make the situation worse. • Caregivers may be fearful of alienating the caregiver/abuser and having needed services refused. • Caregivers may be reluctant to break the "Code of Silence" among
Abortion is a term that deliver prematurely, end of pregnancy were the result shows no childbirth due to many reasons, divided into the medical need or to the mother self perception, so is abortion an ethical issue? It is considered an ethical dilemma? There are many opinion about how and when abortion can conduct. A wide-ranging agreement present, however, abortion is acceptable in the limit of medical issues as a result of miscarriage, birth defects or when it’s danger on the mother health. Abortion can be useful in several ways, the presenting of medical reasons is enough to have the procedure.
They think the level of risks increase on patients especially because the one who are conducting the trials are the same as the ones who are being experimented. But what these people don’t know is that these ethical concepts are no longer acceptable. Nowadays researches won’t be conducted unless the participants are fully aware of the potential risks that they might encounter and they should be informed of the kind of treatment they will receive. Another important point is that the researcher should of course focus on making the experiment work no matter what, but his duty falls in the first place on taking care of the patients regardless the medical
Informed consent is the process of seeking the consent of a patient to a medical procedure (Bowman, Spicer, & Iqbal, 2011). It also allows doctors and patients to consider the ethical code and prevent any legal issues. In the germline gene therapy, the operation is mainly conducted on the embryo and foetus. The genetic diseases are detected in advance by gene mapping, such as cystic fibrosis. The patient, the foetus, has not be informed before the therapy as he or she is still in gravidity.
(procon.org) One of the first reasons I don’t support abortion is that abortion defines the meaning of life and death. Kerby discusses in her article “Arguments against Abortion” medical reasons why abortion should not be legalized, he asked an important question that should have a strict answer within our community, isn’t death declared with a cessation of a heartbeat? Then why doesn’t onset of a heartbeat define life? And if a heartbeat defines life, then abortion should definitely be outlawed.
People claim that suffering through a pregnancy, giving birth, and raising the unwanted child is the responsible thing to do if one gets pregnant. However, some would find that the more responsible solution is getting an abortion. Not everyone has access to contraception, or has been educated on how to use it. More work should be done to educate people on and create more access to contraception rather than punishing those who were not taught. “What if the fetus grows up to cure cancer?” is a common question posed by the opposite side of the argument.
As one is transitioning into adulthood the subject of organ donation comes into the picture. Once one turns eighteen one is able to make the life-altering decision. Some will agree and some will disagree, although it is solely left to the person's morals and beliefs. However many hospitals are removing organs without consent or family’s knowledge. This becomes an ethical issue for families considering their circumstances for why or why not they choose to donate.
According to Munson (2014), through genetic screening or testing, birth of infants with debilitating or crippling defects can be avoided. Also through testing, disease and illness could be eradicated because the gene that causes the disease or illness would not be passed on to the next generation. This is consider eugenics. Some in the medical field have a negative feeling towards this, as if to be playing God. There are others in the medical field on the extreme end feel that laws should be developed that couples with known genes that cause genetic disorders must not have children or if they do selection of embryos are done (Munson, 2014).
Eugenicists were focusing on undetected genes being spread across people. Preventive medicine was the topic of discussion; negative eugenics was emphasizing the question of who should be able to reproduce? Genetic diseases such as obesity, diabetes, mental conditions and others were coming into question. The relevance of genetic medicine is now apparent in today’s age as when we go to the doctor, the forms that we have to fill out entail family history. As discussed earlier, Garrod focused on the importance of family history when he tracked the baby’s family and today family history or genetic medicine has become an essential part in patient diagnosis.
According to the national vaccine information center website the injury act was out into place to make sure that the children and there families will be financially be taken care or in the event that injury or even death occurred form vaccines to the child. I think another good thing about the injury act is that health care providers need to keep written records of the vaccines as well as give parents information about the pro 's and con 's of the vaccines. I think that it should be mandatory because I feel like if you don 't vaccinate your child you are not only putting you child at risk but someone else 's child at risk as well. According to the website www.vaccines.gov immunizations can protect future generations for instance smallpox no
One of the barriers mentioned in Healthy Americans is educating providers about the new change and working with them to develop referral relationships with new providers/programs. I believe this is a barrier due to there not being a structured process to ensure that referrals to community based prevention services have been deliver and the outcomes of those services. This was also something mentioned within the article. The providers may also need a continuing education crash course on what population health is and how it can provide assistance and be implemented within the medical model. This will create awareness and streamline issues of referring for the wrong program or not knowing what is out there.
Vaccines have and always will be a huge topic. There are different reasons why people do become vaccinated, and there are also reasons of why some people do not believe in being vaccinated. As a medical assistant, we need to be respectful to all our patients. We are not to argue with our patients because of something we think they should have done. We can provide the patient with facts about what has been found about certain diseases and if there is a vaccine available for that disease.