What is Ethical Leadership some may ask. It is leadership that shows through the actions of having respect for ethical beliefs and values, and for the dignity and rights of others. Ethics is associated with the morals and values an individual finds desirable. It is a philosophical term originating from Greek word “ethos” meaning custom or character. While in the United States Marine Corps, the definition of ethics in an organizational setting was as follows: “Ethics”, in an organizational context, comprises a set of behavioral standards, expressed as norms, principles, procedural guides, or rules of behavior, defining what is appropriate (right) and inappropriate(wrong).
Ethics are based on social norms and logical coherent philosophy. It’s about defining what is wrong and what is right and acting in right way to perform task. Ethical leadership is a good character of leader and holding a right values to influence their follower. Ethical leader act and makes decision ethically. Being under the law and code of conduct they need to perform.
In nutshell, the authors’ main aim of the research article was to examined the antecedents and the path forward of ethical leadership. Therein, they want to understand why there has been a positive and negative organizational process of ethical leadership. The authors came up with three points of terminology as a way to understand the ethical leadership. They term these as personality traits. These traits defined and are as follow: a. Conscientiousness is related to high degree of moral obligation.
Ethical leaders have an obligation to develop their subordinates, challenge them, and provide them with an example of the standard of leadership. Their success is highly related to the pathway their leader builds or cuts off. Peers of leaders deserve to have a “team player” that can support the moral high road, questioning actions lacking the highest ethical elements, and contributes to making decisions for the organization which adhere to unwavering principles. Suppliers and customers both have a need to be able to engage with an organization that has a reputation for impeccable honesty. They are investing in a financial relationship, which puts them at risk.
Recent scandals in government, business, sport and even religious organisations have reaffiliated the importance of ethical leaders in our current day and age. Brown, Treviño and Harrison (2005) summarised ethical leaders as people who are considerate, truthful, principled individuals. They are balanced and fair decision makers who set clear ethical standards and communicate openly with their followers. Finally, they are proactive role models for ethical conduct as their deeds reflect their own ethical principles and values. Social learning theory maintains that most individuals learn and mimic credible role models (Kohlberg, 1969; Treviño, 1986) and it is upon this theory which Brown and Treviño (2006) motivate that ethical leaders are the most likely sources of guidance because of their overall behaviour.
“Criminal justice leaders obviously play a key role in ethics. Not only must they enforce and uphold ethical standards, they must also set an example and see that employees are instructed in the ethical conduct of police business” (Peak, 2010,). Kanungo argues that the ethical actions of a leader can be explained by three factors: “the motive of the actor which is the primary source of one’s behavior, the manifest behavior itself, and the social context in which the behavior takes place” (Kanungo, 2011). Therefore, considering these three points, the honesty and ethics of a leader will determine how the leader strives to do the best for the followers and the organization. The values a true leader will be recognized in the daily actions of the leader.
ABSTRACT The subsequent academics research explores the actual literature with regards to the topic of ethical leadership. Three content in addition to a few guides ended up discovered which can be published by writers who centered on primary theme, ethical leadership. This theme subsequently discovered with more depth in the literature examines. Entire, it really is found which ethical leadership is usually sophisticated and also a comparatively new area connected with study. But, common designs add some desire for establishing has confidence in in addition to increasing honest information through study in addition to program.
Leaders are able to use their power in a positive way to influence people through role modelling which is the reason many researchers emphasise that the leaders must possess a strong character to survive within the organisation. For a leader to be considered ethical he must: 1. Establish high standards of ethical communication. 2. Establish quality standards and quality delivery of service.
The first is the adherence to a moral or ethical principle. The second is the pursuit of an undiminished state or condition, which is acquiring the character strength to learn from one’s past ‘mistakes’ and to continually seek self-improvement. Application of ethical principles and rules are essential to guide someone in doing the right thing in all situations, nevertheless, it is also essential for one to seek developing one’s abilities and propensity to understand situations, and to attain the appropriate skills to carry out the required directives. Hence, leaders must continually seek knowledge and understanding in proper guidance, and attain skills to rightfully interpret situations. Everyone makes mistakes, and being a person of integrity does not mean one has never violated a moral or ethical principle.
According to research by Mayer, Aquino, Greenbaum, and Kuenzi (2012), moral leaders will often practice appropriate business ethics. In turn, the leader establishes similar positive ethical attribute in all fronts of their organization, since the employees and stakeholders are prompted to follow suit. This is in line with Terris’ (2005) opinion in the book Ethics at Work. Terris commends the Lockheed-Martin program for institutionalizing functioning work ethics at the administrative level (Terris, 2005, p. 47). Furthermore, according LRN research conducted in the United States, most of the full-time workers preferred working in an ethical company, suggesting the importance of leaders and stakeholders’ ethical behavior in the organization (Dubrin, 2010).