The Importance Of Ethical Research

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INTRODUCTION During the duration of this essay, I will be discussing and conceptualising ethics, more focused on what unethical research is. The term ethics can be broadly defined as the study of the ideas involved in practical reasoning of what is good, right, duty, obligation, virtue, freedom, rationality, and choice in everyday life (Oxford, 2017). In addition to this the term ethical research is interested in the study of ethical issues that is raised when people are involved as participants in research (Walton, n.d.). Brinkmann and Kvale (2008, p. 263) stated that most ethical complexities arise because of the investigation into others private lives and then making those findings public. Furthermore, I will look at what is unethical in…show more content…
The participants has the right to know and understand the research process because many of them has never been part of such process. The researcher should explain the theoretical orientation to the participants in simple and clear terms so that they can make an informed decision and can sign the informed consent forms accordingly (Hill, 2009, p. 65). Obtaining informed consent from the parties involved will not only show that they know and understand what is happening to them but also protect the researcher legally if something was to go wrong (Sarantakos, 2013, p.…show more content…
65-68). There may be times where what is best for the participant could cause conflict with the needs of the researcher, an example could be that during an interview with a needed participant he or she presents signs that is part of the exclusion criteria (a mental illness in a study of wellness). The researcher should stop the interview and look for other participants which may take longer and postpone the rest of the research process. Harmful and duel relationships should be avoided, this occurs when the researcher who is a power figure adds another role to the interaction with the participant, the less powerful (Hill, 2009). This is present when the researcher is also the participant’s professor, and the participant feels as if information disclosed during the research process will influence the other areas of relationship and cause them harm. Lastly, there should be clearly stated boundaries between the researcher and the participant for the research to stay ethical. Boundaries include the structure of the research, the length and policies or actions during the duration of the research process, and include an interpersonal nature, sexual intimacies or friendships that should be
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