The Importance Of Ethnic Conflict In The South Caucasus Region

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INTRODUCTION The urgency of researched topic. The ethno-political palette of the modern world is complicated, because of the conflicts that have a global importance and these conflicts have become one of the main threats to the international security. Currently there is no region in the world which has no threat from the ethnic conflicts. And from this perspective the Eurasia- the continent which populated with many ethnics and nations is the region that has more ethnic conflicts than the other regions in the world. Since the end of 20th century the South Caucasus region which entered to the diplomatic language as a ‘Caucasian Balkans’ (the US politician Z. Brzezinski called the region Eurasian Balkans that included nine states such as Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, and Afghanistan.) the place that located on the junction between Asia and Europe, was always a ‘ playground for grand powers, and since the early years of the 21st century this geographical region become the area of struggle of the global powers in order to get an access to the natural resources of region. The political and also economical changes at the end of the previous century have also affected the life of the nations in South Caucasus and it bought serious changes to the region as well. The most noticeable process in South Caucasus region was that, the three independent states such as Azerbaijan, Armenia and Georgia were established, however the influences of

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