(7) Consequently, imperialism caused African cultural heritage to become replaced by a prosperous European-based one. Moreover, Western civilization became the ideal civilization, and became way superior to African “civilization.” As a consequence, African tradition became perceived as primitive, outmoded, and sadly not welcomed by the rest of the world. Unfortunately, a lot of Africans experienced a trend of a dying out culture. (2) It can be implied that even the Africans’ self-perception dropped because the only lifestyle they knew was suddenly taken away from them and they were taught that it was substandard. Therefore, the indigenous inhabitants of the colonies, the Africans, had to adapt to a new, “superlative” culture and view it as more sophisticated than theirs.
This effected a great amount of people because Europeans controlled Africans, and the Africans had to neglect all their traditionals ways, social structures, and beliefs. In order to fully acquire the Europeans needs and wants, Africa had to lose their right “to control their own destiny, to plan their own development, manage their economy, determine their own strategies and priorities” (Boahen). This is historically significant because not having control of their own continent made them a weak nation. The concept of survival of the fittest correlates with this because survival of the fittest is when the most wealthiest and dominant country will be able to survive in the world. A weak and powerless continent like Africa would not be able to survive due to their vulnerability because superior countries will take advantage of them.
Slavery existed in Western Europe and in Africa, however, it was fundamentally different from the Americas, as it was not centered around the color of one’s skin and how one looked. The colonization of the New World was built upon the principles of European financial and cultural hegemony over the rest of the world; African enslavement was a necessity that would allow this grand plan to reach fruition. While the act of slavery itself is inhumane, racial slavery is truly wretched and devalued human life to such an extent that millions needlessly died in the European pursuit of wealth and power. Europeans simply categorized everyone in West Africa as the same, to justify slave trade, ignoring culture, customs, and differences between tribes. Even though, Africa was already developed, Europeans lied about them as savage backwards people when such a reality did not exist, “In complexity and prosperity, many African societies compared with those of Europe and Central America” (Clark, pg.
It is my belief that the racist attitudes towards Africans is the main cause of the growth and expansion of the slave trade because it can be argued that if Africans were white with no cultural differences, the slave trade simply would not have occurred because the Europeans would have had no reason to think of African civilisation as different and would therefore have no reasoning to enslave their
The prejudices made by the Europeans are evident throughout Conrad’s novel, however, two books have counteracted that idea and tried to prove the well developed society that exists all over Africa. Cry, the Beloved Country, by Alan Paton and Things Fall Apart, by Chinua Achebe, both focus on debunking the stereotypes of Africa. Paton and Achebe both explore the concept that Africa does have culture but are slowly losing it due to the settlement of whites. However, Paton implements the idea of white savior complex which is the idea that only whites can help the blacks regain establishment. As Conrad creates the atmosphere that Africa is seen as limited, in contrast, Paton and Achebe criticize it by... Joseph Conrad primarily perceives the westerners’ attitudes towards Africans similarly like most Europeans who believe they are higher and more developed.
It has been argued that "the British abolition movement, which was legalized by the British Parliament, was not entirely humanely motivated as it is often put. It was for the British economic interest to shift from slave to legitimate trade" (Ume 1980, p.216). On the other hand, Batten (1954) listed among other things the abolishment of slave trade as the reason for the establishment of colonialism. "On the other hand, the insinuation that European colonialism accomplished its alleged humanitarian mission in Africa by decisively tackling slavery is too unfounded to warrant any attention here" (Nwokeji, G.U., 1998, 320). "They argue that the British governor, Frederick Lugard, favoured the reform of slavery over abolishing it".
Europeans held Africans and the African culture lightly, they did not value anything of African descent Hrituleac (2011). Lephakga (2015), mentions the philosophical measure that the Europeans applied which were ego conquiro (I conquer, therefore I am sovereign), which was followed by ego cogito (I think), these measures formed part of the European process of socialisation and they were both particularly introduced because they gave a moral justification for colonialism. These measures enhanced their beliefs of superiority and justified them to invade and dispossess those who lacked that kind of superiority. One of their greatest moral justifications in terms of civilising Africa was “The White Man’s Burden”, which was a poem written by Rudyord Kipling (1899), where he states that it is the white man’s responsibility to rule over the inferior and devilish.
(African Nationalism, 1938) states “They speak as if it was somehow beneficial to an African to work for them instead of for himself, and to make sure that he will receive this benefit they do their best to take away his land and leave him with no alternative”. This quote defines the main leadership taking over the land because of insufficient wanting’s. If the Africans were left in peace on their lands, the Europeans would have to offer them large welfares of white civilization in real seriousness before they could contain African
Although, the Industrial Revolution resulted in very much pain, the Europeans did just as much damage when they invaded Africa, with no regards to the original African people. The imperialism in Africa included many countries from Europe, all with their own reasons to invade Africa, including land, power, resources, and more. In the text, "Confessions of Faith," Cecil Rhodes states, "Africa is still lying ready for us it is our duty to take it. It is our duty to seize every opportunity of acquiring more territory." This statement illustrates England 's point of view towards imperialism and also provides their reasons for imperializing to Africa.
“...However desirable it may be, the members of the two races should live together side by side with equal rights. As regards the holding of land, we are convinced that in practice, probably for generations to come, such a policy is not practicable or in the best interest of the two races, and that until the Native has advanced very much further on the path of civilization, it is better that the points of contact in this respect between the two races should be reduced…” This is the result of an overrunning of a black society by white europeans. Inequality formed in Zimbabwe during the colonial period due to the fact that the area of which it was located offered great land resource benefits which many people strived to consume. Unfortunately, this area of Southeast Africa which african tribes once owned and ruled independently, was increasingly taken over by whites from Europe, mainly England. The distribution of resources from the sacred land along with many other needed services such as health, education, housing, etc, was unequally divided by