(Tanja Angelkova, 2012) The study of festivals and tourism events is presently a critical as well as productive territory of tourism exploration enquiry. It has thrived in few decades and enthusiasm for comprehension their essentialness in the
Most studies on economic impacts of tourism have dwelled on the positive side and slightly giving a blind eye on the negative imperatives (Andereck, Valentine, Knopf & Vogt, 2005:2). Tourism is widely perceived as a potential economic base, it provides elements that may improve quality of life such as employment opportunities, tax revenues, economic diversity, festivals, restaurants, natural and cultural attractions,and outdoor recreation opportunities. Arguably, tourism is the second largest industry in the world; estimates from the World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) suggest that it generates around 200 million jobs worldwide and accounts for10% of global GDP (WTTC, 2013). Tourism is a consumption-based industry and cannot be wholly
Cultural Tourism has always been associated positively with the promotion of one’s culture. After all, the best way to understand a culture is to experience it personally. Apart from promoting a destination’s culture, and heritage, Cultural Tourism benefits the destination’s economy,
The city is superior to the countryside and concentrated on the elements of production. Therefore, the tourism industry can develop rapidly. In fact, the city is a big market. Thus, tourism problems cannot be solved by traditional microeconomic economics. The tourism industry is composed of many single economic entities, and its economic relations are much more complicated than the single economy.
Tourism has been identified for its important participation in the economy in different small islands. Tourism serves to encourage the growth of basic infrastructure, participates in the development of businesses, attracts foreign investment and supports the transfer of information and technology (Riaz, Suhejla, and Michael, 2008). Tourism has also been observed as a promoter for the conservation and development of the environment as well as sustaining local culture and diversity. Tourism is associated with different key economic sectors like hotels, transport, restaurants, and construction. This is because of the fact that tourism has the ability to make multiplier impacts in different ancillary and supporting services.
To What Extent is the Tourism Industry Harming the Environment? Tourism is visiting a place that is outside of the vicinity of one’s hometown for under a year for leisure, work, or other purposes (Tourism Society, 2010). The tourism industry has undergone immense growth, especially since technology has advanced to increase the ease of vacationing. In 2012, the number of global travellers passed the one billion mark for the international tourism industry (Fuller, 2013). With their creation of jobs, they are an important part of many countries.
12. Through the wide range of services needed to satisfy its requirements, tourism creates new activities of considerable importance which are a source of new employment. In this respect, tourism constitutes a positive element for social development in all the countries where it is practised irrespective of their level of development. 13. With respect to international relations and the search for peace, based on justice and respect of individual and national aspirations, tourism stands out as a positive and ever-present factor in promoting mutual knowledge and understanding and as a basis for reaching a greater level of respect and confidence among all the peoples of the world.
Cultural tourism is constantly growing as more and more tourists seek to interact with other cultures and broaden their knowledge and personal experience base. Every culture is different and people curiosity about our world and its many different peoples is a strong motivation for travel (Lubbe 2003). Richards has shown that cultural tourism began to be recognized as a distinct product category in the late 1970s, when tourism market and tourism researchers realized that some people travelled specifically to gain a deeper understanding of the culture or heritage of a destination (Richards 2007). Cultural tourism has potential to restore art, revitalise skills, foster creativity and allow communities to present themselves positively. Lubbe has shown that the world Tourism Organization, cultural tourism is one of the fastest growing forms of tourism, (it is estimated to be growing at approximately 10-15% per annum).