Copyright is a form of protection written in the Constitution and granted by law for original works fixed in a tangible form of expression. Copyright covers both published and unpublished works and were adopted after the establishment of the Copyright Act of 1976. This Act secures all previous copyright laws of the U.S. and distributes more specific rights to the creator such as the rights to reproduce, rights to sell, lease or rent, rights to perform works, and so much more. Not only does the law give rights to creators, but also prevents those without contribution from going beyond their rights. David J. Moser and Cheryl L. Slay dedicated an entire twelve chapter book, Music Copyright Law, to spreading the knowledge of copyright laws to the public.
Ultimately, the first amendment grants the press special privileges, but they are not guaranteed all access. The press is not free to do anything they want, they have special rights to get and disseminate information while facing certain restrictions. The first amendment reads, “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press: or the right of people to peacefully assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances” (Zelezny, 2011:41). The amendment is not interpreted by the courts absolutely or literally. There are restrictions on speech and the press.
A new surge is being seen and fair use in copyright is happening, when mass copying of all books throughout the world undertaken by Google books project is declared as fair use by the US conceding copying of whole book/s without the consent of copyright owner. Canada amplified its 2004 position of permission to copy from single copies to multiple copies and further permitted previews to be streamed without paying royalty to owners of music. In Alberta Education v. Canadian Copyright Licensing Agency and Society of Composers, Authors and Music Publishers of Canada v. Bell Canada the position in CCH Canadian Ltd. v. Law Society of Upper Canada is taken further. According to proposition at hand where Cambridge and Oxford University Press along
Usually, copyright means the absolute right to an original or reproduced work. Copyright also applies to subject-matters other than the works such as sound recordings, communication signals, and performers’ performances. 2. What copyright protects? Works Copyright applies to all literary, musical, dramatic, and artistic original works that met all the conditions provided in the Copyright Act.
Piracy and Copyright Law Today's business world is quite different than the legal landscape it once resembled over thirty years ago. Modern technologies and luxuries such as the availability of the personal computer, ease of access to the internet, and the ability to share data en masse over a world wide network have created incredible opportunities for humanity. But just like the addition of any new beneficial technology into our society, new laws must be created to help prevent these technologies from being misused or taken advantage of. Many of today's modern commodities is in the form of data. Movies don't live on VHS anymore, music isn't confined to vinyl and art doesn't just exist on the walls.
Intellectual property rights: IPR is a collective term for a bunch of laws that protect investment in intellectual assests http://www.slideshare.net/nipclaw/introduction-to-ip-23715204 Copyright- copyright Is a personal and assignable legal right, which is given to the originator for a certain number of years, to publish, print, film , perform, or record literary, artistic, or musical material. The following copyright Acts are repealed: Copyright Act 1912; Copyright Act 1933; Copyright Act 1935; Copyright Act 196 Copy right ACT 1912- https://www.unodc.org/res/cld/document/aus/1979/copyright-act-1968_html/Copyright_Act_1968.pdf copy rights protects original dramatic, films, artistic, musical works, arrangements of published editions and sound recordings. People who are dancers or artists or musicians or any other type of performer all have the right to refuse unauthorized taping or filming which is known as rights in performances. The legal aspects of copyright is to give a good access to the society in order to encourage innovation and research, also to encourage more creativity. Copyright also have the rights for reproduction, rights for distribution, rights for public performance and modification or adaptions Copyright infringement- this is when someone copies someone elses work without the permission of that person.
IP is divided into two categories: Industrial Property and Copyright. Industrial property includes Patents, trademarks, industrial designs, and geographical indications of sources; and Copyright includes literary and artistic works. IPRs protect the interests of creators by giving them property rights over their creations. A trademark is a word, phrase, symbol or design, or combination of them which is used in trade which identifies and distinguishes the sources of the goods or services of the different service providers. Trademark is economically efficient because it allows the consumer to identify the service or good that he prefers and to buy that to the exclusion of others
It is important to note that in the marketing world and business in general, intellectual property rights form the rife in marketing in general. Intellectual property rights issues refer to sharing another person’s or a company’s idea without the consent of the owner. As such, this forms a major and a serious ethical issue in the business world. Clearly, the dilemma touching on ethical concerns on the fair use can hardly be resolved through making appeals to principles of intellectual property rights. For the case of PharmaCARE, it goes without say that the company’s act to compensate the Colberians due to the fact that it shared their medical cure with the organization was
The major reason an artist should copyright their intellectual property is to ensure that they earn royalties from these ideas for a life time and even years after death. Additionally, when a artist copyright a IP this also adds value to the country in which the artist have generated those property for instance when a athlete participates in a race and his/her pictures are taken and are published this acts as a brand for that particular country. Copyright is an essential part of growing an individual talent and to ensure that as an individual develop on their talents they are earning from same. Registering of a talent is the first step of ensuring that other persons who misuse these properties are held accountable. It’s also of importance to note that when an artist registers a intellectual property and earns royalty from same this also grows the economy in which the talent was developed as more persons become aware of the talent that are available in that particular country and would like to get firsthand experience of hearing or seeing this talent performed.
This concept was applied on the Statute of Anne in 1710 in Britain, which was the first statute owing protection of copyright of writers and publishers. The copyright law was established in all the Britain colonies comprising Hong Kong, India, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and United States (Yang, 2014). The legitimate western treatise played a major role in implementation of plagiarism policies in organizations. It also set the framework of managing plagiarism in academia provoking criminal law penalties for this offense. Those policies have been administrating teachers’ practices for a long time (Yang,