As stated in a NewTimes article, paternity leave is a holiday for fathers. A majority of fathers’ claim they are scared of handling newborns because they are delicate and fear dropping them. Furthermore, mothers are more in tune with baby language and fathers would not immediately jump out of their sleep late at night and attend to their crying child. The first few months are difficult and therefore, are the mother’s responsibility (Garuka). Actually, paternity leave is an opportunity for fathers to become familiar with their child and to assist with the mothers’ recovery.
Based on current projections to 2015, the adolescent birth rate fell from 59 births per 1000 women age 15–19 in 1990 to 51 births per 1000 in 2015 (WHO, 2015). However, teenage pregnancy trend varies in regional levels because of the variation of health determinants, population of adolescents and socio-cultural patterns. Much of the lifestyle, norms and economic status shapes the adolescent health outcome that significantly increases at one region and differs from the others. Child marriages is a primary source of income for most countries driven from poverty because of the challenging socio-economic statuses, yet hinders the opportunities for better education. Researchers claim that there is higher teenage pregnancy rate in developing regions compared to developed regions which is because it is proven that 95% of world’s adolescents are living in middle and low income areas of Sub-Saharan African and Western Pacific region.
Frequency Religion not approve I am not married Husband not approve Wife not approve Total 20 40 79 17 156 12.8 25.6 50.6 10.9 100 Source: Field Work 2014 In Table 4.4, 50.0% of the respondents clearly demonstrated that husbands initiated family planning process in their homes, 16.7% said it was the wife and 15.4% indicated both husband and wife.17.9% intimated otherwise which implied they were not aware whether the man or woman or both. But whatever be the case the husband group exceeded the other indicators hence husbands play greater role in family planning practice in Bawku. Table 4.4: Gender and Family Planning Initiation. Characteristics Frequency % Wife Both Husband Other Total 26 24 78 28 156 16.7 15.4 50.0 17.9 100.0 Source: Field Work, 2014 Table 4.5 demonstrated how spouse’s discussions overshadowed one another in family planning practice in Bawku Municipality. Out of 156 people interviewed 58.9% intimated that men were decision makers and therefore decided the family size, 15.4% indicated they were staying alone, 13.5% said they shared ideas in terms of family planning and 12.2 indicated otherwise.
This would contribute significantly to women’s empowerment, attainment of universal primary schooling and long term sustainability of the environment. It also found that, over the past 40 years, family planning campaigns have played a major role in rising the prevalence of contraceptive use from less than 10 percent to 60 percent and reducing fertility in developing countries from six to about three births per woman. Nonetheless, in low-income and lower middle income countries (mainly in Africa), contraceptive use remains poor and fertility, with rapid population growth and high unmet need for contraception. Again, it was revealed that although most governments of poor countries have appropriate family planning and population policies, they receive too little international backing and capital to implement them with potency. (Cleland et al.
What is a teen pregnancy? Teen pregnancy is any female under the age of 20 years that are or get pregnant. Teen pregnancy has decreased in over the past 20 years. The teen birth rates vary in different areas such as age, ethnic groups and region of the country. “The U.S. teen birth rate is higher than that of many other developed countries, including Canada and the United Kingdom.” Birth rates are higher in Hispanic and African Americans.
Adoption is a mixed feeling, some people think adoption is good, and some think adoption is bad. Adoption is good because the biological mother and father can’t raise their child, so another couple takes their place. This is a good thing because we need more people in the world today to raise children because lately, our world has been taking us straight down (We are our own enemy). Here is why adoption is a good thing today. “When you choose to adopt, you give a child the gift of love.” (Bethany Christian Services) When someone adopts a child, that child is very lucky because about 140 million kids around the world have no parents, since studies shown in April 2016, but there could be even more today.
The concept of unmet need points to the gap between women’s reproductive intensions and their contraceptive behaviors.1 At the beginning of Christian era nearly 2000 year ago, World population was estimated to be around 250 million. Human civilization and development took place in rapid speed along with that world population also increased rapidly and as of July 1st, 2015 world population has reached 7.34 billion.2 Attempts to control human reproduction is not entirely a modern phenomenon. Throughout history human beings have engaged in both pro and antinatalist practices directed at enhancing social welfare. In many foraging and agricultural societies a variety of methods such as prolong breastfeeding were used to space birth and maintain an equilibrium between resources and population size. Since 1930 family planning (birth control clinics) have been functioning in the world.
964). The most frequently occurred medical consequences of teenage pregnancy were anemia, pregnancy-induced hypertension, low birth weight, prematurity, intra-uterine growth retardation and neonatal mortality. More over less than 16 years teen age pregnancy was associated with a modest increase in prematurity, low birth weight and neonatal death (Cunnington, 2001, p. 36). All age groups of adolescents had higher risks for postpartum hemorrhage, low birth weight, preterm delivery, and small-for-gestational-age infants (Aqudelo et al, 2005, p.
Parents still require their daughters to marry and have children very early (Woldemichael, 2003). A study on teenage childbearing and its health consequences on the mother and child in Eritreao was done by analysis of Eritrea Demographic and Health Surveys (EDHS) data from the 2002 and in the trend analysis, data from the 1995 EDHS survey were used for comparative purposes was showed that teenagers were less likely to seek prenatal medical care during pregnancy, compared with mothers aged 20 years or above, but the difference was not statistically significant (Woldemichael,
2. REVIEW OF LITERATURE Growth is a polygenic and multifactorial phenomenon and it is predominant during first two years of life. Growth during infancy is a predictor of adult health (1). Literature focusing on factors affecting morphometric indicators, growth of preterm born and full term born infants was reviewed put the present study in context and to highlight the exemplary studies done in this area. 2.1 Factors affecting growth of infants Socio economic status of a family, nutrition, environmental factors, health status, smoking of mother are the major factors that affect fetal as well as infant growth (27). Maternal and paternal characteristics like education, occupation also has a significant impact on the growth of the infant (28).