In the 1950’s, the first birth control pill was created by Margaret Sanger as an attempt to combat unsafe forms of abortion. Unfortunately, with the creation of proper birth control came the creation of the stigma around its use. This stigma is ending the lives of women all around the world. When women are shamed out of getting help, there is the possibility they will attempt to help themselves in harmful ways. An online article written by doctors Lisa Haddad and Nawal Nour states, “Some 68,000 women die of unsafe abortion annually, making it one of the leading causes of maternal mortality (13%).
Nursing is the most natural way to feed your baby and it lowers your child’s health risks such as flu, diabetes, viruses and infections. Healthy mommies are recommended to breastfeed at least 6 months since the child’s birth, and if possible to continue for another 6 or even more. As simple as it sounds, this is probably very difficult for most mothers since they recover from the birth process itself in the first few weeks. This is stated as the main reason why most mothers just give up from breastfeeding. This fear and certain difficulties during
A mother is the main provider of primary care of the child. The type of care they provide depends greatly on their awareness and understanding of some aspects of the primary nutrition and health care. It is argued that women with high level of education have more awareness about child health care practices. She better takes care of herself and her baby in the period of her pregnancy. Therefore the chances of death both the mother and new born baby become decline.
Holy Basil: This traditional herb has been used to boost milk supply in women since times immemorial. Loaded with niacin, iron, thiamine and carotene, it helps to protect the mother and her baby from various diseases and infections. Just prepare a tulsi tea and drink it twice daily after childbirth. 5. Drink lots of liquids: Your body is losing all the dirty blood and you need to breastfeed your baby so you need to stay hydrated.
According to WHO (2005), an interval of at least 2 years or 24 months from a live birth to the next pregnancy are the most recommended to prevent several negative consequences to both maternal and child. Birth intervals vary from one population to another where the average of Nepal, Ethiopia and Malaysia are 36.2 months, 31-33 months and 26 months respectively (Karkee & Lee, 2016). Closely spaced pregnancy which is shorter than the minimum 18 months indirectly increase infant mortality rate through factors such as premature weight or low birth weight baby. A prospective US study also found that maternal obesity risks had increased with each inter-pregnancy interval of less than 12 months, as well as increased rate of postnatal depression which associated with higher risks of subsequent divorce cases (Grundy & Kravdal, 2014). Child spacing was the most known benefit of family planning benefit known by the woman (n=214, 64.1%) (Onwuzurike & Uzochukwu,
According to UNFPA (The United Nations Population Fund) “A women’s chance of dying or becoming disabled during pregnancy and child birth is closely connected to her social and economic status, the norms and values for her culture and the geographic remoteness of her home”. It has also been found that poor and marginalized women are at the higher risk of maternal death as compared to aristocrate women. Hypertension, diabetes, respiratory problems, obesity and infections are some common health problems that occur during pregnancy or at the time of delivery. Maintaining Oral health /oral hygiene is also essential during pregnancy .Its proper care give benefit to both mother and foetus as well. However, there is a common misconception that it is not safe to obtain dental services while pregnancy that is a myth.
A village midwife program was initiated in Indonesia in response to maternal mortality of over 400 per 100,000 live births in 1989. The program’s primary goal was to expand safe motherhood among poor and hard-to-reach populations and to improve accessibility and use of family planning service. The village midwives’ duties were to provide antenatal care (ANC), family planning, and nutrition counseling and to manage normal deliveries. Indonesian Ministry of Health trained and posted 54,000 midwives throughout the country by 1998. The number of midwives per 10,000 populations increased more than ten folds from 0.2 to 2.6 between 1986 and 1996.
Furthermore, air pollution in both developed and developing countries has an increased effect on IMR. Newborns who born in such an environment have a great risk to die during their first year from respiratory disease since they are vulnerable creatures. Another social aspect that has an effect on IMR is the educational level of the mother. The mother literacy is related to the age of the first pregnancy. The lower the mom is being educated, the higher the probability of getting pregnant at an earlier age.
It is important as whole for the improvement of the family’s economic condition and for better health of the mother and her children. First of all, family planning highlights the importance of spacing births, at least 2 years apart from one another. According to medical science, giving birth within a gap of more than 5 years or less than 2 years has a seriously affect the health of both the mother and the child. The rural health mission or population control mission mainly aims for promoting population stabilisation programmes focusing on high fertility states through strengthening primary health care. The national rural health mission wants to cover the entire country by focusing specially on 17 states which are high fertility states for comprehensive integrated primary healthcare services.
nutritional value needed, not being met. This results in the evolvement of new diseases and the spread of common ones. These percentages have however decreased from 80% in 2003 of children living in poverty, to 63%. The immunisation percentage of woman having their first babies have increased from 70% in 2002 to 90%, in 2014. This is a great increase, but there are still 46% of woman who go for their first check-up at 20 weeks of being pregnant.