The importance of grandchildren/offspring can be linked to a contextual element that is crucial to the film, this is Confucianism. Confucius emphasised the fulfilment of duties , ‘Filial piety’ can be anything from simple chores or expectations but for first sons or only sons such as Wai-Tung he has a duty to continue on the family name by producing offspring. It is one of Confucius’ beliefs that your life is unfulfilled if you do not have children and this is a sentiment that is still apparent in China
Honesty is one of them. To define a person is upright or not, we should consider various components of uprightness. Most importantly, filial piety is the most crucial virtue in Chinese culture because families are the basis of a society. In ancient times, even the empire have to listen to his mother. Mencius also gave an example talking about filial piety and loyalty.
History of Taiji Chen Ziwen (1st Author) School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Supervisor: Prof Huang Weihong School of Humanities and Social Sciences Abstract - Keywords - Tai Chi Fighting, Health , INTRODUCTION Tai Chi Fighting is a traditional Chinese martial art originated from the philosophy concept ‘tao’ and ‘tai chi’. It has been spread in China for centuries. Today, people all over the world practice Tai Chi Fighting for both defensive and healthy purpose. Tai Chi practice requires body and mind to corporate well. Recently, evidence has showed that Tai Chi practice brings positive effect to both physical and mental health.
In most of the cases, it required the endorsement of male family members, usually husbands or fathers, so that women could establish their work of art. The tradition idea about the nature of men and female is that men should work outside for external stuff, while women are responsible for internal and domestic issues. Therefore, the endorsement of husbands or fathers is of vital importance to the Chinese women female painters for the further development in the art world. Taking Li Yin as an example, people could discover the evidence of the endorsement, or even the support from her husband. We could often see the inscription written by Ge Zhengqi, the husband of Li Yin, on Li Yin’s paintings.
Ethnic and family concepts are important for Chinese people. People think that if everyone has a harmonious family, then the country will also be getting better. A country is like a big family. According to the book Chinese Culture, "Respecting and taking care of the aged parents is regarded as an obligatory duty in China. Chinese people believe that only those who are concerned with and practice filial devotion to their parents would be honest, faithful, and be grateful to others and seek ways to return their kindness" (Lao, 2007, P.19) To respect parents is the basic factor to achieve a harmonious family and is also the basic factor to have a harmonious country.
There is a traditional Chinese proverb “百善孝为先” meaning that “filial piety is the most important among hundreds of virtues”. Filial piety is one of the fundamental virtue and primary duty in Asian culture, which means that being good to one’s parents. This idea is often used to guide how children should treat their parents in terms of comforts and welfare. Further, filial piety is a culturally embedded social norm, which allows parents to shape their children’s value, attitudes and behavior (Wang et al. 2010, 22).
Regardless of personal or professional evidence-based theories, Confucianism is the trademark cornerstone of traditional Chinese culture (Na, 2016). Confucianism is vitally important to the political and social order of traditional Chinese culture. The tenets of Confucian philosophy’s hierarchy revolve around five relationships: 1) Those who are ruled must obey their ruler, 2) Sons must obey their fathers, 3) Wives must obey their husbands, 4) Younger brothers must obey their older brothers, and 5) Friends must respect friends. Additionally, women were taught to obey man and children were taught to obey their parents and respect their elders (Video Education America, 2013). The forefront of Confucianism is founded upon respect and obedience which does not endorse or promote
Several generations can live under the same roof, and there exist the relationships of the five bonds which are the ruler to ruled, husband to wife, father to son, elder brother to younger brother, where in Confucianism beliefs, specific duties were prescribed to each of the participants in these sets of relationships. This gives prominence to the idea of showing respect to the ancestors and acknowledging the power and influence of the patriarch. The siheyuan is the indication of “harmony and unity” in traditional Chinese culture which means that the younger generations who live in the east, west and south side must be obedient and serve the older generation living in the north side. It is the essential spirit of this kind of traditional family. This form incarnates a certain order, comfortable pattern, sense of exclusion and static
These basic elements are representative of the fact how the Chinese consider their festivals to be their cultural heritage and this is one of the major reasons why the Chinese are known to be very serious about every aspect of the preparation for the festivals. One can witness a close nexus between the traditional Chinese festivals and chronology, mathematics and the Chinese lunar calendar. The varying dates of the Chinese festivals can be attributed to the Chinese lunar calendar, as the occasions are not determined by the western calendar. The most popular of the Chinese festivals include the Spring festival (Chinese New Year), Lantern festival, Moon festival, Double Ninth festival etc. From disparate influences and traditions, to the intersections of people, space and time, these celebrations seek to explore China’s enormous worldwide legacy that has been proudly spoken about.
Confucius who lived from 551-479 BC, was a Chinese teacher and philosopher. He emphasized on personal morality, the way in which social relationships should be approached and many more such as justice. He had strong loyalty to his family and has huge respect of elders. A huge saying that has lived on for years is his principle “Do not do to others what you do not want done to yourself”, which will be discussed throughout this essay. The Analects is a text structured by a group of Confucius followers which noted key terms of ethical perspectives.