Water Fluoridation: The First Battlefront Tooth Decay Water fluoridation was introduced more than 60 years ago, in Michigan, as a public health measure to prevent tooth decay and it has been the reason for big controversies since there. The technique is defined as a process in which the substance fluoride is introduced into the public water supply in order to prevent dental cavities, reaching a large number of people. The Morbidity and Mortality report prepared by the Center of Control of Disease, Atlanta, Georgia, and printed and distributed by Massachusetts Medical Society states, “Fluoridation of drinking water is a major responsible for the decline in dental caries (tooth decay) during the second half 20th century” (“Fluoridation of
Water fluoridation has been a popular matter that has been going on for years. Many cities have been implementing fluoride in public water systems and many have not. The reason behind water fluoridation is that can help tooth decay. But fluoride’s adverse effects prevent some cities from imposing this practice. Water fluoridation should not be implemented within public water systems due to its detrimental effects on health, its catastrophic environmental impact, and it being an unethical health intervention since it goes against individual choice.
In America the population grows up with a positive impression of fluoride. Toothpaste commercials, which are backed by the American Dental Association, communicate to the public that fluoride helps prevent tooth decay and nine out of ten dentists recommend fluoride toothpaste. At regular dental checkups, fluoride treatments are given to topically treat the teeth. Additionally, fluoride is added to the municipal water across the majority of the United States, so drinking the tap water gives the public a varying amount of fluoride daily. The amount of Fluoride an individual intakes cannot be measured due to the quantity of water that people drink fluctuates; fluoride is also found in the food supply and manufactured beverages. The general population assumes that the use of fluoride is healthy; however, research has shown that it is harmful and unnecessary for the body and the
I have seen instances where some of my colleagues have become sick from drinking tap water around the city. No matter where it is such as at their schools such as Pensacola State College or the University of West Florida, at their homes, or in public spots such as restaurants people have noticed that the water is extremely unsanitary. A quote from the DailyFinance article portrays this exactly “Of the 101 chemicals tested for over five years, 45 were discovered. Of them, 21 were discovered in unhealthy amounts. The worst of these were radium-228 and -228, trichloroethylene, tetrachloroethylene, alpha particles, benzine and lead.
According to the article “How Tap Water Became Toxic in Flint, Michigan,” written by Sara Ganim and Linh Tran, the residents of Flint, Michigan highly disapproved of the new water source. Around 2 years ago, the city of Flint was forced to switch their water supply from Lake Huron to a more local source, Flint River. Before, this was not a big problem to the residents of Flint because they were told that the water they were drinking was harmless. However, people began to doubt that the water they were drinking was safe because it looked like sewage. Over time, new evidence began to arise claiming that the water contained massive amounts of lead and iron.
Recent studies have shown that the water in Flint, Michigan has been contaminated by a horrible health impact, lead. This has happened because nearly two years ago, the state of Michigan decided to save money by switching Flint’s water supply from Lake Huron, to the Flint River a notorious tributary that runs through town known to locals for its filth. This has led to many terrible effects shown in both children and adults. The many effects lead has on children and adults are very drastic if not taken care of properly they could have lifetime effects.
The Environmental Working Group found acetaminophen, caffeine, arsenic, and nitrate in 10 brands of bottled water." ("Is Bottled Water Better?" 1) Is it not a little scary to know that even if the water your drinking has a trace of danger, you may or may not be warned? It is also scary to think that mothers tend to use bottled water to mix with baby formula and that some of the brands they use actually could contain products that are potentially dangerous to their
This means that 25 to 40 percent of the bottled water is not any different from the tap water only that it has been exposed to or has a high concentration of the chemicals used to manufacture the packaging plastics. Due to the pathetically primitive regulation of the bottled water, the manufacturers are not keen to inform the consumers of the contaminants that are present in their water. According to Warburton (1993), consumers are likely to drink bottled water containing contaminants such as E.coli, asbestos, giardia, bromate and many other industrial chemicals and pathogens. Arnold & Larsen (2006) indicate that ten water brands in the US had thirty-eight
Maintaining healthy waters are crucial to the human life. Water is needed by all life on earth. Over 1.1 billion people live without access to safe drinking water. In the Elizabethan Age, the concept of treating wastewater had not yet crossed the minds of a society that was dangerously unaware of the potential for the diseases and ill health they faced by exposing themselves to household and personal wastes. With the growth of world population nature cannot always treat all the wastewater created.
Fluoride treatment should be provided to every patient (if wanted), and the amount and type should be adjusted to the patient’s needs to prevent caries, as well as sealants for patients with teeth that need them. Also, whitening trays should be available for patients who choose to bleach. It would bring great profit to the dental office because many patients want to have a perfect whiter and brighter smile. If the dental office offers various services, patients will be attracted to the
A very good morning to my lecturer Madam Rokiah and my beloved friends. Today I would like to deliver a speech on ‘Water Pollution’. Life is dependent on water, and without water no form of life can survive. But it is hard to believe that even after knowing such a fundamental truth, how people can turn a blind eye to water pollution. Every year thousands and thousands of people, especially children, fall prey to water-borne diseases, and nearly half of them die.
When coal and other minerals were extracted from underground, they emited several metal waste which was harmful for the water. It is evident that the Indutrial Revolution caused a lot of evnviromental problems for individuals. Without social protest it is doubtful politicians would have responded to the environmental crisis…in the late 1960’s and ealry 1970’s (Halbert, par. 1). Individuals were conserned about their health and congress decided to pass the Clean Water Act of 1972 to reduce water