And etc… During reading you should find the answers of these questions. All of these questions make your reading more effective. The more the questions are clear and many, the more the reading is powerful and effective. Fluency and knowledge of the language is also a skill, that you acquire during your life, it is needed because a person with weak language and that has difficulties in fluency will have problems in understanding and effective reading. Vocabulary is also important, a person who has a good pile of vocabulary will find easier to read and understand.
4–5). Similarly, Jennings, Caldwell, and Lerner (2010) posit that reading comprehension is vital to any reading
Reading is a fundamental skill for L2 learners to master in academic contexts. Because reading comprehension is really important both in first and second/foreign languages, reading strategies and methods are of great interest in the field of reading research. A large number of research studies have shown that skilled readers use a variety of strategies to comprehend the texts (Stanovich, 2000; Sweet & Snow, 2003). The question is how learner can deal with these reading strategies and methods, because many readers are not aware of reading strategies. In fact, in most English reading classes, especially in Iran teaching comprehension strategies and methods to
If readers use these skills effectively they would probably be able to understand the content of the text given to them. Variables such as reading attitude, reading purpose, prior knowledge about the text, textual structure, vocabulary knowledge; comprehension are considered as keys to the success of the reading process (Yıldırım, 2010). Ogle and Correa-Kovtun (2010) stressed the importance of teaching functional reading skills to language learners for they comprise almost 30% of the public students. Confucius (500 B.C) founded the epistemology of this research. His ideology of synchronization between the heart and mind when a person will try to discover new knowledge has a direct impact to cognitive and affective aspects of study.
Evaluate and revise the strategy training. Goals of Strategy Instruction: Strategy instruction tries to provide learners with the instruments to do the following (Cohen, 2003): • Self-diagnose their strengths and weaknesses in language learning • Become aware of what helps them to learn the target language most efficiently • Develop a broad range of problem-solving skills • Experiment with familiar and unfamiliar learning strategies • Make decisions about how to approach a language task • Monitor and self-evaluate their performance • Transfer successful strategies to new learning contexts Cohen (2000), defined language learning and language use strategies as processes which are consciously chosen by learners. However, language learning strategies are used to improve learner knowledge of a given language, and they comprise affective strategies, cognitive strategies, meta-cognitive strategies, and social
English language learning is one such skill which will be required by everyone, no matter into what job, profession or area of employment one is. English is one of the most commonly used languages in the world. It is spoken by more than 4 million people all around the world. The importance of English cannot be overstated in this highly competitive world. If you are planning to learn English, this is the right time to start learning.
However, there is renewed interest in other aspects of reading comprehension. For example, an area of interest in contemporary reading comprehension research relates to the importance of individual word knowledge and decoding and its contribution to text comprehension. Another current issue is how strategic processing interacts with specific domain knowledge in content area
The following three different approaches can be found to be applicable in teaching strategies in language classrooms. Frameworks for teaching strategies The first framework, developed by Chamot and O 'Malley (1994), is useful after students have had practice in using a wide range of strategies in different contexts. Their approach to helping students complete language learning tasks can be described as a four-stage problem-solving process. (1) Planning. Students plan ways to approach a learning
One of these important parts is reading skill. We can achieve successes in learning foreign languages by using appropriate and comfortable reading strategies. It helps us understand the main meaning of the whole texts or books and have appropriate learning methods. There are different reading methods and strategies to learn foreign languages, especially English in educational system of the world. As I said, when we use them, we have a lot of opportunities.
Reading ability is an important tool for academic success because by reading the students can get the information and update their knowledge, reading can also increase the students’ vocabulary. Thus, reading comprehension is the reading activity which more thorough to understand the meaning, find the message of the text and reconstruct the idea of the reader. So, reading Achievement means the score of the students’ performance in reading