Mokotjomela, T.M., Hoffmann, J.H. & Downs, C.T. (2015) The potential for birds to disperse the seeds of Acacia cyclops, an invasive alien plant in South Africa. Ibis, Nesom, G.L. (2009) Taxonomic overview of Ligustrum (Oleaceae) naturalized in North America north of Mexico.
Indonesia contains the world’s third largest area of rainforest. Thus I can see how, if the area that I use for slash-and-burn is the only one that holds a particular species, it could result in extinction. Because slash and burn agriculture is often practiced here in Indonesia where biodiversity is extremely high, endangerment and extinction may increase. When slash-and-burn is practiced by large populations, there is a temporary or permanent loss of forest cover, this process is dubbed ‘deforestation’, it has many negative effects on the environment. Deforestation drives climate change.
Species need to be selected for growth rate and quality. Sites need to be reclaimed properly with good species. (ii) Partnership and Collaboration with The Private Sector:- Forest restoration and rehabilitation are planned and co-ordinated by government agencies. The main role of the private sector to date has been to help through contributing manpower. Staff clubs and voluntary organisations often wish to contribute to environment.
1.0 Introduction Tropical forest known as one of the greatest bastions of biodiversity in this planet receives a major threat poses by rapid deforestation. Biodiversity face the greatest global threat due to the intensification and expansion of agriculture (Tilman, 2001; Donald, 2004 & Green, 2005). The process of breaking up large patches of forest into smaller part is called forest fragmentation (Brown & Jacobson, 2005). Small fragments of forest typically exist after deforestation, urbanization, or other modified lands that are totally unsuitable for most species that occupied in the forest whether by nature or design. These phenomena may reduce biodiversity by making it more difficult for some species to either breed or find food (Wade, 2003).
1.THE NEED AND RELEVANCE of TREES Humans need trees to survive. We also need them because they provide us with beauty in our daily lives. Our existing forests and the trees we plant work in tandem to make a better world. Not only are trees essential for life, but as the longest living species on earth, they give us a link between the past, present and future. It’s critical that woodlands, rainforests and trees in urban settings, such as parks, are preserved and sustainably managed across the world.
Additionally, social, cultural and economical conditions can make ecotourism a harmful business. Contrary to common belief, ecotourism is destructive for all sides from numerous points of view. Considering the benefits of ecotourism, some may argue that it is beneficial in terms of preserving the natural habitat. They support the idea that ecotourism contributes to develop environmental consciousness. However, it disturbs natural balance.
Wildlife Conservation Conservation is the wise use of the earth by humanity. The term came into use in the late nineteenth century and referred to the management, mainly for economic reasons, of such valuable natural resources. As urban growth expands and natural environments fragment, it is essential to understand the ecological roles fulfilled by urban green spaces. Biodiversity loss continues apace despite these global agreements and conservation actions, and is unlikely to stop any time soon. Wildlife conservation must be maintained to help the earth biodiversity.
Species richness and diversity are important in the assessment of the health of forest or ecosystem. These will determine if a certain forest can still support diverse ecosystem of species of flora and fauna in the forest. It is important for managing resources for the sustainable development and conservation (Chenje et al,
the rain forests also consists of many exotic and beautiful flowers which includes at least two thirds of the worlds plant species. What animals live in the rainforest is a common question that is asked, the rain forests are rich in animal life. Some of the animals in the rainforest include insects like butterflies and beetles, reptiles like snakes and lizards, arachnids like spiders and ticks, worms, amphibians like frogs and toads, birds like toucans and parrots and mammals like jaguars and sloths. Benefits of rain forests in our nature The rainforest benefits our nature in many ways, it provides habitat for what animals live in the rainforest. There are wide varieties of plants and animals that live in these forests.
Farm Forestry is another approach and it targets the poor and disadvantaged groups through the involvement of local CBOs and NGOs in NWFP. It was launched to check increased pressure on the resources leading toward reduced vegetation cover and fertility. This participatory and holistic approach is a paradigm shift, which focuses on areas of plantation, has low opportunity cost and higher return and aims at poverty reduction through encouraging enterprise. It ensures sustainability by creating skills enhancement and ownership, systematic planning and management of the resources. If management plans are worked out properly, it holds out greater opportunities for diversification and maximization of profits and leads to sustainable livelihood and positive impact on local biodiversity and water