“…[S]elf-image in children is shaped in some degree by exposure to images found in written texts, illustrations, and films” as Hurley (221) makes clear. She explains further, that children need to identify with the character they see to built up a positive self-conception (221). Fact is, that most of the Disney princesses have white skin. For dark-skinned girls it is almost impossible to identify with these characters. Nevertheless, “in a global array of children 's merchandise and play things, the Disney Princess franchise stands out” (Wohlwend 57).
Since the new millennium has started, a new trend has taken over people's’ lives, specifically little girls’ lives, and this new trend is princesses. Both the articles, “The Princess Paradox”, by James Poniewozik and , “Cinderella and Princess culture” by Peggy Orenstein elaborate on the issue of princesses in today’s society. In Princess culture, Orenstein talks about how much cinderella and princess them goods: movies, toys, and dresses, hinder the growth of young girls and almost sees no good in them. Poniewozik in Princess Paradox, takes a different approach than Orenstein and talks about how princesses aren’t exactly a bad thing for young girls.Although, both articles address the issue of princesses, Orenstein completely dismissing the
Collier-Meek, 2011) examined the gender role depictions of the prince and princess' characters. It focuses on their behavioral characteristics and climatic outcomes in the films using gender role approach. The female characters were categorized according to the typical feminist lens. In Beauty and the Beast the princess, Belle, was equally as brave, a traditionally masculine trait, as she was nurturing, a feminine one. The princess was more assertive and the prince was equally as sensitive as the princess (Dawn Elizabeth England & Lara Descartes &Melissa A. Collier-Meek, 2011; page 564).
The research that I did for the RA as really helped me comprehend Cinderella in another way. I found interesting facts such as “The number of references to men’s physical appearance ranges from 0 to 35 per story, whereas the range of women is 0 to 114.” (Lori, Liz) and the different patterns of the portrayal of women which leads to an argument “Whom are we to believe? Andrea Dworkin, who contends that fairy tales perpetuate gender stereotypes, or Alison Lurie, who asserts that they unsettle gender roles?” Well, “It depends.” (Tatar, xiv). Finally, I was able to assert that fairy tales are meant not only for children but also for adults and in some cases for particularly girls. This research also helped me examine some stories in the current age which are “breaking through” the “stereotypes”.
This repetitive plot line is in the early Disney Princess movies, Snow White, Sleeping Beauty, and Cinderella and in more recent releases like Beauty and the Beast, The Little Mermaid, and Tangled. These media images, like media messages from other sources, reinforce the gender binary of heteronormativity in young children (Palczewski & DeFrancisco, 2014). Heteronormativity is how social institutions, such as Disney, “reinforce the presumption that people are heterosexual and that gender and sex are natural binaries” (Palczewski & DeFrancisco, 2014, p. 16). Thus, the formulaic plot line that Disney Princess films follows communicates to children that the normal and only sexual orientation is heterosexual and more specifically, to young girls, that marrying a man is the only way in which her life can be
Thenceforward, women gradually have the rights to work like men. And films circle have been under feminist principle by messaging about gender roles through their characters and plays (Sims, n.d.). After the idea of feminism is widespread, Disney developed women characters from time to time by changing the perspectives of women and giving them more important roles. For example, Beauty and the Beast (1991) which was produced by the 1980’s influenced Disney production by the change of gender roles especially in women’s role in WWII Western world. They changed from uncomplicated stories, virgin girls in conflict with wicked,
Clearly, being exposed to a brand at a young age will imprint on what ideals and opinions a child consumes in their early years of development.Regardless of your views of Disney princesses, it’s important to view and assess the impact it has on a person’s knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. Disney has a large role in how children perceive how women should act and how men should act in their daily lives, especially when interacting with one another. Dawn Elizabeth England, a family studies professor at Arizona State University, outlines that gender role depictions of the prince and princess characters were examined in her work with a focus on their behavioral characteristics and climactic outcomes in the films. England suggest that the prince and princess characters differ in their portrayal of traditionally masculine and feminine characteristics, these gender role portrayals are complex, and trends towards equality between gender roles are not linear over time. Although both the male and female roles have changed over
The toys foster the norms of appearance and gender behavior, and construct gender roles in the minds of children. Thus, toys play a central role in socializing children into appropriate gender roles. In Toys R Us, color of toys reflects socialization of children along gender lines. In the store, customers can spot the girl section easily. Specifically, the girl’s section is the most pink with toys such as dolls, unicorns, and butterflies.
And these messages are not exactly morally acceptable. They are sexis and racist. There are tons and tons of examples of cartoons that teach kids at a young age the themes of racism, sexism and making young girls think they have to be perfect like Cinderella. In the many cartoons and Disney movies, they are teaching society from a young age certain themes and messages that correspond to how us children growing up are suppose to live our lives and how we are suppose to view the world. For example, the Disney tale of Cinderella(1950) teaches little girls they need to be beautiful and pretty to be loved.
Disney has been known for their theme parks and in producing movies and shows. They became famous starting from their first cartoon character, Mickey Mouse, and their lists of cartoons started to expand from then on. Disney started to have their own princesses which are looked up to by many young audiences and they somehow became the role model of little girls. This paper will discuss how far Disney Princesses have come in terms of gender politics and female empowerment, from princesses who are ‘damsels in distress’ to princesses who are capable of defending their selves. Renzetti said that, “Media content mirrors the behaviors and relationships, and values and norms most prevalent or dominant in a society” (1992, p. 107).