Thomas (1995) defines diversity as any mixture of components characterized by similarities and differences. The components of a diversity mixture include differences and similarities between and among races, ages, genders, educational levels, religious affiliations, geographical origins, and work styles. One study (Johnston & Packer, 1987), regards diversity as an important changes in the composition of the workforce such as the increasing number of women, racial minorities, senior workers, and immigrants. Cox and Blake (1991) view diversity as a business imperative and highlight that firms should understand how they value diversity to establish a competitive
Key works: workforce diversity, contract workers, employees, diversity, divergent attitude, human resource management, international employees, consumers, consumer behavior, empathic marketing 1.2 Thesis Statement Diversity in the workforce provides unique employment opportunity and benefit, strengthen organizational outcome and further provides a platform to Exchange culture and lifestyle. On the other hand diversity workforce challenges increased in cost of training requires HRM careful employee’s selection and increased conflict due to demographic differentiation. 2 Part
Plutocracy is ‘a system of government in which the richest people in a country rule or have power’ (Cambridge dictionary, 2016). Now, countries with high inequality have plutocratic governments, the US for instance, where the share of to 1 and 10 percent is 41.8 and 77.2 percent of the total wealth respectively (Zucman, 2016, p 42). This inequality is causing to economic elite domination in politics of the country. ‘A quite different theoretical tradition argues that U.S. policymaking is dominated by individuals who have substantial economic resources, i.e., high levels of income or wealth—including, but not limited to, ownership of business firms’ (Gilens and Page, 2014). Consequently, in plutocratic countries’ richest citizens govern a country and make rules in favor of themselves while disadvantaged ordinary people who make up most of the population of the country suffer from consequences of the rich-oriented policy.
Every workplace puts together a workforce of people from all different social and cultural backgrounds. Cultural diversity is extremely important in having a successful running business. This didn’t use to be such a big deal, but early in the 2000’s is when businesses started to take advantage of diversity. What is cultural diversity exactly? “Cultural diversity is the co-existence of diverse cultures, where culture includes racial, religious, or cultural groups and is manifested in customary behaviors, cultural assumptions and values, patterns of thinking, and communicative styles.” (Boateng 2013) The following will go over different trends and examples.
We live and work in a diverse world, consists of people with divergent backgrounds with different needs and preferences. This multicultural world brings out the potential on improvement and efficient, but also comes with that are the challenges. Workforce diversity acknowledges the reality that people differ in many ways, visible or invisible, mainly age, gender, marital status, social status, disability, sexual orientation, religion, personality, ethnicity and culture (Kossek, Lobel & Brown, 2005). The culture of an organisation plays a big role in the performance and sustainability of an organisation, and it is also important to the well-being of its employees. With workplace culture becoming a hot-topic in the recent world, Even though everyone agrees that the culture is important – but it is very difficult to point what the culture is and how to fine-tune it, so that it empowers the organisation as well as the employees.
Work place diversity and Human Resource management Diversity To analyze impact of diversity at workplace on management, it is necessary to understand the term and have a base for reasoning and conclusions. Thinking about diversity, first thing that appears in the mind is differences; differences in the negative attitude. Misunderstanding, discrimination and stereotypical beliefs, all those concepts are seems to be closely related with diversity. But, abstracting from negative thoughts and trying to study the diversity, we will find out, that it could be interpreted absolutely contrary. "The variety of experiences and perspective which arise from differences in race, culture, religion, mental or physical abilities, heritage, age, gender,
Importance of Diversity in Workplace Cultural diversity includes differences in the composition of the members of an organization in terms of nationality, race, color, gender, creed, religion or age; in other words, a variety of cultures found among people from different environments. Organizational behavior be referred to the nature of the interactions between individuals and groups within an organization. The positive influence of cultural diversity makes it easier for members of an organization build relationships and know one another regardless of their origins and their environment. "Diversity and Inclusion brings in diverse different talents together working towards a common goal using different sets of skills that ignites their loyalty and increases their retention and productivity" (Sahar Andrade, 2010).
Age Diversity in the Workplace Diversity at workplace is one of the prominent issues in today’s world. It is the challenging issue that managers face to manage at the workplace. But it gives the highest output if properly managed. By managing the workplace diversity, companies can increase the overall efficiency that results in higher output. Besides, it enhances the image of the company to become ‘Employers of Choice’.
Flexible Work are terms used to describe a wide range of work styles and employment practices. Broadly speaking, they are used to describe all kinds of employment which differ from the traditional 9 to 5 full time job with a permanent contract. The "flexible" aspect of these type of jobs can in different instances relate more to the employees, or to the employer, or to both. That is, from the employee’s point of view, flexible work may allow more freedom to organize their employment to fit in with other parts of their life. For an employer, the flexibility may come with the ability to organize labor resources more in line with the varying needs of customers, or with peaks and troughs of demand.
Rauch & Behling (1984), define leadership as “the process of influencing the activities of an organized group toward goal achievement.” Katzenbach & Smith (1993) defined a team as “a small number of people with complementary skills who are committed to a common purpose, performance goals and approach for which they are mutually accountable”. We will examine how these areas of diversity affects leadership and team roles. Gender differences can often be viewed as something that has a significant affect on an organization, its leadership style and team roles . It is a topic of great interest when looking at diversity in the workplace. In recent years the number of women in managerial roles has risen , not only in Ireland but globally.