The Importance Of Gender

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According to West and Zimmerman (1987), 'doing gender is unavoidable ' (p. 145); it is a process that encompasses all interactions–formal and informal–continuously engaging individuals in a public display of one 's sex category attributes. Consequently, doing gender is closely linked to structural arrangements and the division of labour. This essay is going to discuss how gender and organisational norms and interactions influence one another, and how the idea of masculine and feminine 'essential natures ' is produced. On the one hand, it will be examined how the act of assuming gender impacts one 's workplace experiences, prospects and behaviours. On the other hand, it will be explored how the discourse on gender relies on social norms outside of the institutionalised settings, in correlation with everyday encounters. Thus, it should be explained how doing gender regulates individuals, and how the same individuals proliferate gendered labour market.

The gender division of labour
Doing gender is 'a complex of socially guided perceptual, interactional, and micropolitical activities ', legitimising assumptions under which our society operates; namely, the irreconcilable differences between masculine and feminine 'essential natures ' (West and Zimmerman, 1987, p. 126). As Kessler and McKenna (1978) observe, this process of manifesting and affirming one 's membership in a sex category is part of everyday encounters and social relations rather than a projection

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