Knowledge is viewed as a combination of a moral/ethical stance and intelligence. Schiro (2008) states, “Knowledge gives children the ability to interpret and reconstruct their society” (Schiro, 2008, pg 177). In this case, an educator recognizes that knowledge is presented through the individual 's solution to the social issue. If the student can critically analyze and interpret the social issue and present a well-thought out solution that provides a positive response for the vast majority of the society, then the knowledge is present. Comparatively, the knowledge of learning is another valuable element to Social Reconstructionists.
Sociology – role of the education system in society Asses the contribution of functionalists sociologists to our understanding of the role of the education system in society. Functionalist sociologists are structural theorists. They examine institutions, such as education, on how they contribute to a smooth running society. Functionalists base their work on two main themes, one being the education contributes to a smooth running society; this is evident in Emile Durkheim’s work. Emile Durkheim emphasised positive aspects of education, for example the importance of subjects such as, History in teaching children about shared heritage, solidarity and promotion integration.
Meanwhile, Facione (2011, p. 6), who also supports critical thinking for social education, suggests skills such as: interpretation, analysis, evaluation, inference, explanation and self-regulation are developed as a process when teaching critical thinking. From my experience a concept should be developed in a step by step procedure in order to give the student a good foundation for understanding. Additionally, Mulnix supports idea of critical thinking
Social constructivism is the one of the theories of learning and pedagogy that had the utmost impact on tutoring and curriculum design because they seem to be the most conducive to integration into current educational approaches. Constructivist education contexts divided into three groups of constructivism. One group relatively teaches students how to teach in a particular constructivist matter, and is considered to be Pedagogy which is the method that they use to teach. For the second highlights constructivism is the internalization of the learning, and gives much stress to the individual in the learning process. The last one, learning is regarded as a social construct, and the interactions of the individual with his or her cultural environment promotes learning by building upon previous knowledge constructions.
Since cosmopolitanism reflects world citizenship for an individual and respect to local cultural diversity (Ibid), students need to become familiar with various elements that make this an enriching life such as exposure and reflection to various cultures via trips or activities (White, 2007). Wright and Lee (2014) concur, while adding that it should be a precondition for students to learn later how to interact with other students of different social groups as well. Therefore, an education leaning favorably to social reconstruction and child-centered could generate an outcome of developing community values and instilling rational criticism to social issues
Quality of educational institution matters because it is where the learning takes place and all kinds of activities in education. Educational institution also promotes social mobility, achievement and economic growth in modern societies. Aside from being a transmitter of academic knowledge and skills, educational institution has also functions in our society as well, manifest and latent functions. The manifest function of institution is the obvious purpose of the education and school like in elementary parents expect that their children will learn new knowledge and how to get along with other children and begin to understand how the society works, in other words it serves as the center for socialization and transmitter of cultural norms and values. The latent function of institution is the not intended purpose of the school or the hidden purpose of the school like schools often play a matchmaker function because in school, students can meet different kinds of individual and usually will result in romantic partners.
Teachers are the real shapers of future generation through teaching-learning process in the schools. The quality of a nation depends upon the quality of citizens, the quality of citizens depends upon the quality of their education, the quality of education largely depends upon the quality of teachers and the quality of teachers depends upon the quality of Teacher Education amongst many factors. The quantitative expansion and qualitative improvement of secondary education has raised the problems of selection of right type of teachers and felt the need of enriched programmes of teacher
Analyzing the great role that teachers have on human formation in today 's society, it can be seen that the need of a generation of teachers who aim to develop learners instead of teaching them, who help their pupils to become independent (learning to learn), who provide students with motivation and interest for life-long learning and urge them to become autonomous learners, is essential in the education of the future is a time requirement është një kërkesë e kohës. There is a need to create opportunities for teacher reflection on sensitive issues of reconciliation, values and identities. Teacher education should explicitly focus on the moral role of teachers and how they are exemplified in teacher thinking and conduct. In particular, values and principles promoted in the ratified international conventions and national legislation, and ways of promoting these values in practice with pupils, should be integral and explicit in pre-service and in-service teacher development
Friesen et al (2013) supplemental evidence ‘As outlined by the Galileo Educational Network (2008) rubric to guide inquiry and supported by a large body of research, a constellation of processes needs to be in place to maximize the impact on inquiry-based education. These elements include scaffolding activities, formative feedback loops, and the adoption of powerful questioning strategies to guide the learning process’. There consists a strength of evidence where we can prove through examination that a social constructive approach to learning remains preferable to traditional liberal education lecture style methods of teaching. A transfer of knowledge continues optimal when students are engaged in making decisions about their learning, but passively absorbing information persists as an approach still often used today since we can easily record data that makes instructors look accountable to stakeholders throughout the education field. Research questions that clearly state inquiry based learning proves superior to other methods gives my research paper an advantage by stating that learning theories apply to the overall development of students.
Education is a very important human activity. It helps any society fashion and model individuals to function well in their environment. According to Boit, Njoki and Chang’ach (2012), the purpose of education is to equip the citizenry to reshape their society and eliminate inequality. Every educational system at every level depends heavily on teachers for the execution of its programmes. The impact of teacher characteristics is important for education policy and for success in pupil’s academic performance.