The Importance Of Genetic Diversity Conservation

786 Words4 Pages
Today, the biodiversity maintenance is one of the most concern of human kind all over the world, as domestic breeds and wild species strains are at risk and human intervention are essential to ensure their survival. Livestock Genetic Diversity Conservation emerges a rapid interest because of some reasons such as excessive crossbreeding for the maximum meat, milk and egg production; the alarming decrease rate due to high commercialization of meat; and the unexpected death of valuable animals genes due to climate change which resulted in the loss of species and their identities leading to a genetic erosion and rapid decrease in biodiversity. Genetic diversity plays an important role for the survivability of species in future challenges such as climate change, diseases and shifting market demands. It helps the farmers and pastoralist to improve production of their breeds and strengthens the adaptability of livestock population to major disturbances of environments and changing demands (FAO, 2015). However, According to The Second Report on the State of the World’s Animal Genetics Resource for Food and Agriculture, between year of 2005 and 2014 about 100 livestock breeds gone extinct and from 15 to 17 percent of the world’s farm animal breeds are at risk of extinction (FAO, 2015). Hence, the continuation of genetic diversity weakening by losing these breeds will affect our food supply (FAO, 2007). Water Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) is a terrestrial animal in Palearctic,
Open Document